These specimens match the syntypes
of this species labelled from Quito, Ecuador (Candeze 1859).
mexicana (Bonpl.) Naud.], syntypes
MNHNP 506170-71), Huitzilac ("Huichilaque") in extreme N Puebla (Eryngium ghiesbreghtii Decaisne, 1873, MNHN-P 834323), and Zacualtipan in Hidalgo (Chaetogastra [Tibouchina] naudiniana Decaisne, 1847, isotype MNHN-P 708713) as noted elsewhere (Sources and Material).
For example, MNH has the holotypes and/or "syntypes
" of incriminated vectors, ie, Phlebotomus (Larroussius) perniciosus Newstead, Ph.
The caves from which specimens were collected include those that Lund called "Lapa Serra das Abelhas", "Lapa da Escrivania", "Lapa de Cerca Grande", and "Lapa da Quebra Chavelha." All of this material qualifies as syntypes
because Winge did not designate a holotype.
Given the major differences between USNM 27031 and the remainder of the syntype
series, it seems strange that Jordan and Gilbert (1881) would have conflated them.
of both taxa are illustrated (Figs 9F-G, 9H-J).
Type material: one syntype
from Argentina, Santiago del Estero province.
This taxon is represented only by three syntypes
and the three are poorly preserved (Table 5).
maximus, and Linnaeus' original syntypes
became associated with Asian elephants exclusively.
Peter Bartsch of the Museum fur Naturkunde der Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin for his photograph of the existing syntype
of Arothron reticularis, Dr.
Type: Costa Rica, without precise locality, Endres 38, 97 (syntypes
Three undoubted syntypes
are indeed in Turin, listed under Rhopalidia by Casolari and Casolari Moreno (1980: 128), as realized by Silveira (2006).