synthase

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synthase

 [sin´thās]
any enzyme, especially a lyase, which catalyzes a synthesis that does not involve the breakdown of a pyrophosphate bond, as opposed to ligase.

syn·thase

(sin'thās),
Trivial name used in the Enzyme Commission Report for a lyase reaction going in the reverse direction (NTP-independent). For individual synthases, see the specific names.
See also: synthetase.

synthase

/syn·thase/ (-thās) a term used in the names of some enzymes, particularly lyases, when the synthetic aspect of the reaction is dominant or emphasized.

synthase

(sĭn′thās′, -thāz′)

syn·thase

(sin'thās)
Trivial name used in Enzyme Commission Report for a lyase reaction going in the reverse direction (NTP-independent).
See also: synthetase

synthase

any enzyme, especially a lyase, which catalyzes a synthesis that does not involve the breakdown of a pyrophosphate bond, as opposed to ligase.
References in periodicals archive ?
PG terminal synthases have therefore gained attention as a novel target for NSAIDs.
Terpene synthases and the regulation, diversity and biological roles of terpene metabolism.
NO can be synthesized from L-arginine using three different nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms, two of which are constitutive, endothelial (eNOS, NOSIII) and neuronal (nNOS, NOSI) iso forms, manifested under physiological conditions, while the third isoform, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS, NOSII), is biosynthesised only after the stimulation by a variety of stressors and cytokines [3].
Biochemical and genetic analysis of PHA synthases and other proteins required for PHA synthesis.
The role of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in normal physiology suggests that it could be a potential candidate gene for cardiovascular diseases.
Production of polyunsaturated fatty acids by polyketide synthases in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
As the first step in analyzing the complex biochemical choreography behind a floral scent, Pichersky and his coworkers in 1994 worked out the amino acid sequence of the enzyme linalool synthase from petals of Clarkia breweri, a purple wildflower native to California.
o]-protein inhibitor pertussis toxin, by the guanylate cyclase-specific inhibitor 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one, and by the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester.
NO is synthesized from L-arginine by a family of enzymes, the NO synthases (NOS) (5) via the L-arginine/NO pathway (1).
They tracked the difference down to a single amino acid change in the enzyme phytoene synthase and showed that the analogous change in phytoene synthases from other species also results in increased carotenoid synthesis.
This laboratory is studying the expression of prostaglandin H synthases and lipoxygenases in the development of colon, breast, and other cancers.