synovitis


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Related to synovitis: bursitis

synovitis

 [sin″o-vi´tis]
inflammation of a synovial membrane, usually painful, particularly on motion, and characterized by fluctuating swelling, due to effusion in a synovial sac. It may be caused by rheumatic fever, rheumatoid arthritis, tuberculosis, trauma, gout, or other conditions.
Events involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid synovitis progress from left to right. M = macrophage; T = T lymphocyte; B = B lymphocyte; P = plasma cell; IL = interleukin; TNF-α = tumor necrosis factor α; TGF-β = transforming growth factor β; GM-CSF = granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor; RF = rheumatoid factor; PGE2 = prostaglandin E2; C = complement. From Goldman and Bennett, 2000.
dry synovitis synovitis with little effusion.
purulent synovitis synovitis with effusion of pus in a synovial sac.
serous synovitis synovitis with copious nonpurulent effusion.
synovitis sic´ca dry synovitis.
simple synovitis synovitis with clear or slightly turbid effusion.
tendinous synovitis inflammation of a tendon sheath.
villonodular synovitis proliferation of synovial tissue, especially of the knee joint, composed of synovial villi and fibrous nodules infiltrated by giant cells and macrophages.

syn·o·vi·tis

(sin'ō-vī'tis),
Inflammation of a synovial membrane, especially that of a joint; in general, when unqualified, the same as arthritis.
[synovia + G. -itis, inflammation]

synovitis

(sī′nə-vī′tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of a synovial membrane.

synovitis

Orthopedics Inflammation of a synovial joint. See Dendritic synovitis, Florid synovitis, Pigmented villonodular synovitis, Toxic synovitis.

syn·o·vi·tis

(sin'ō-vī'tis)
Inflammation of a synovial membrane, especially that of a joint. In general, when unqualified, the same as arthritis.
[synovia + G. -itis, inflammation]

synovitis

Inflammation of the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE.

Synovitis

Inflammation of the synovium, a membrane found inside joints.

syn·o·vi·tis

(sin'ŏ-vī'tis)
Inflammation of a synovial membrane.
[synovia + G. -itis, inflammation]
References in periodicals archive ?
Magnetic resonance imaging is more sensitive than clinical examination in the detection of synovitis (1), and can uniquely detect bone marrow edema (osteitis), which is a strong predictor of subsequent radiographic progression in early RA(31,32),
Hemophilic arthropathy is a multifactorial event and there is evidence that iron may play a major role with release of cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-a) leading to chronic proliferative synovitis, hypervascularity, cartilage damage, and bone destruction.[22] Comer et al .
The patient was referred for orthopaedic assessment and a decision was made to remove the rice bodies surgically, as the synovitis and concurrent rice bodies were deemed to be too florid to drain arthroscopically.
Bullet-induced synovitis as a cause of secondary osteoarthritis of the hip joint: A case report and review of literature.
With regards to laboratory analysis, ESR (p < 0.001) and CRP (p = 0.012) were identified as significantly different withESR being significantly greater for both septic arthritis (56.9) and Lyme (44.2) than transient synovitis (18.3) and with CRP being significantly greater for septic arthritis (51.9) than transient synovitis (5.8).
The association between osteitis and synovitis at baseline and the progression of erosion on followup at the level of individual bones and joints was also examined, with the aim of providing data to help enrich future clinical trial cohorts with subjects more likely to progress structurally.
[9] did a case study consisting of 21 patients having diffuse pigmented villonodular synovitis of the knee who underwent total arthroscopic resection, using posteromedial, posterolateral, anteromedial, and anterolateral knee portals.
Synovitis of the affected joint is also a common presentation of SAPHO syndrome.
Polyarticular lipoma arborescens with inflammatory synovitis. J Clin Rheumatol.
When MRI is used to detect synovitis in hand joints, high- grade synovitis (grade 2-3) is found to be significantly associated with joint space narrowing (JSN) and the development of erosion.
Synovitis is the most essential pathological abnormality of inflammatory arthritis.
The study, conducted at Tufts Medical Centre in Boston, focused on 140 patients with knee osteoarthritis and synovitis. Participants were either given a corticosteroid called triamcinolone, or a saline solution at 12 week intervals for a period of two years.