Sonographic findings such as synovial effusion
or hypertrophy were also absent in the PIP joint (Figure 6).
Some indications for carpal ultrasonography are painful carpus joint; joint swelling to check for synovial effusion
and thickening of the joint capsule; inconclusive radiographic evaluation, pre-surgical carpal planning; quick assessment in the field; previous treatment failure; and to evaluate the thickness of articular cartilage in foals (incomplete ossification) (REEDING, 2001a; REEDING, 2001b).
Synovitis or synovial effusion
grade 2 or 3 (as detected by US) was significantly associated with the progression of JSN.
Mild synovial effusion
(c) and moderate hyperemia (d) were detected in the subacromial bursa (arrowheads).
MRI confirmed the lytic lesion in the patella and showed synovial effusion
Table-II: Synovial effusion
measurement and change of treatments.
Inflammation is not prominent, and synovial effusion
Reduction of synovial effusion
and inflammation in 1 month: Hyal-Joint was demonstrated to be particularly effective for the treatment of patients with OA/synovitis.
MRI studies that followed indicated disc bulges at L3/4 and LS/S1 with thecal sac indentation, disc bulges at C3/4 and 5/5, a posterior central disc herniation at C5/6, supraspinatus tendinosis of the left shoulder and a small synovial effusion
of the left knee.
The volume of synovial effusion
was scored using a 3-point scale: grade 0 was considered to be a normal joint; grade 1 was fluid collections of <10 mm depth in the retropatellar bursa measured transversely in the midline sagittal T2-weighted image; and grade 2 was fluid collection measuring >10 mm transversely.
was present in 8 of 10 patients with BM edema.
In large part, the main use of MSKUS in SpA is for the detection of peripheral joint pathology, similar to RA, with synovial effusions
, hypertrophy, and increased Doppler signal.