synovial cyst


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Related to synovial cyst: Ganglion cyst

gan·gli·on

, pl.

gan·gli·a

,

gan·gli·ons

(gang'glē-on, -glē-ă, -glē-onz),
1. Originally, any group of nerve cell bodies in the central or peripheral nervous system; currently, an aggregation of nerve cell bodies located in the peripheral nervous system. Synonym(s): nerve ganglion, neural ganglion, neuroganglion
2. A cyst containing mucopolysaccharide-rich fluid within fibrous tissue or, occasionally, muscle bone or a semilunar cartilage; usually attached to a tendon sheath in the hand, wrist, or foot, or connected with the underlying joint. Synonym(s): myxoid cyst, peritendinitis serosa, synovial cyst
[G. a swelling or knot]

gan·gli·on

, pl. ganglia, pl. ganglions (gang'glē-ŏn, -ă, -ŏnz)
1. [TA] An aggregation of nerve cell bodies located in the peripheral nervous system.
Synonym(s): neuroganglion.
2. A cyst containing mucopolysaccharide-rich fluid within a fibrous capsule; usually attached to a tendon sheath in the hand, wrist, or foot, or connected with the underlying joint.
Synonym(s): myxoid cyst, synovial cyst.
[G. a swelling or knot]

synovial cyst

Accumulation of synovia in a bursa, synovial crypt, or sac of a synovial hernia, causing a tumor.
See also: cyst

synovial cyst

; dermoid cyst; mucoid cyst small, discrete, palpable, fluctuant, transluminant swelling of dorsum of digit, due to synovial membrane herniation (i.e. arthrocele formation) from distal interphalangeal joint; may rupture through overlying skin, or cause local nail matrix pressure with resultant nail plate deformity
References in periodicals archive ?
Photomicrograph showing hyperplastic synovial cyst lining with a mild chronic inflammatory cell infiltrate (H&E section, original magnification 200x).
Ganglions and synovial cysts around the elbow are known to be a common phenomenon.
An acute foot drop from a synovial cyst has not been reported before.
Haemorrhage into a lumbar synovial cyst causing an acute cauda equina syndrome has been reported (3).
Synovial cysts most commonly involve the joints of extremities, and are rarely found in the spinal canal.
1) Synovial cysts result from the protrusion of synovial lining through a defect or rupture of degenerated facet joints.
Two cases, both uncemented metal-on-polyethylene bearings, described synovial cysts containing polyethylene debris but consisting of few inflammatory cells.
Although rare, lumbar synovial cysts can cause the above symptoms, and can be treated surgically.
Treadwell E: Synovial cysts and ganglia: The value of magnetic resonance imaging.