synovial cyst


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Related to synovial cyst: Ganglion cyst

gan·gli·on

, pl.

gan·gli·a

,

gan·gli·ons

(gang'glē-on, -glē-ă, -glē-onz),
1. Originally, any group of nerve cell bodies in the central or peripheral nervous system; currently, an aggregation of nerve cell bodies located in the peripheral nervous system. Synonym(s): nerve ganglion, neural ganglion, neuroganglion
2. A cyst containing mucopolysaccharide-rich fluid within fibrous tissue or, occasionally, muscle bone or a semilunar cartilage; usually attached to a tendon sheath in the hand, wrist, or foot, or connected with the underlying joint. Synonym(s): myxoid cyst, peritendinitis serosa, synovial cyst
[G. a swelling or knot]

gan·gli·on

, pl. ganglia, pl. ganglions (gang'glē-ŏn, -ă, -ŏnz)
1. [TA] An aggregation of nerve cell bodies located in the peripheral nervous system.
Synonym(s): neuroganglion.
2. A cyst containing mucopolysaccharide-rich fluid within a fibrous capsule; usually attached to a tendon sheath in the hand, wrist, or foot, or connected with the underlying joint.
Synonym(s): myxoid cyst, synovial cyst.
[G. a swelling or knot]

synovial cyst

Accumulation of synovia in a bursa, synovial crypt, or sac of a synovial hernia, causing a tumor.
See also: cyst

synovial cyst

; dermoid cyst; mucoid cyst small, discrete, palpable, fluctuant, transluminant swelling of dorsum of digit, due to synovial membrane herniation (i.e. arthrocele formation) from distal interphalangeal joint; may rupture through overlying skin, or cause local nail matrix pressure with resultant nail plate deformity
References in periodicals archive ?
An acute foot drop from a synovial cyst has not been reported before.
Caption: Figure 1 Diagram of synovial cyst arising from posteromedial aspect of the elbow joint causing impingement of the olecranon fossa.
14) The preponderance of facet degeneration, degenerative spondylolisthesis and synovial cyst formation at the most mobile lumbar spinal segment (L4-5) suggests that instability likely plays a major role in SC pathogenesis.
Two cases, both uncemented metal-on-polyethylene bearings, described synovial cysts containing polyethylene debris but consisting of few inflammatory cells.
The most recent hypothesis considers SBCs as synovial cysts originated due to developmental failure, which causes the incorporation of synovial fluid into the bone (Kuhmichel & Bouloux, 2010).
In differential diagnosis one can consider synovial cysts caused by degenerative changes in the connective tissue resulting in disintegrating cystic cavities.
He can diagnose some of the orthopedic problems like rotator cuff syndrome, biceps tendon sheath effusion, synovial cysts, lower limb soft tissue mass, Bakers cysts, aneurysm, abscess and haematomas.
Two cases each of arteritis and aneurysm were found in females only and cases of synovial cysts were also found to be more common in females (Table 5).