synovial


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

synovial

 [sĭ-no´ve-al]
1. pertaining to a synovium (synovial membrane).
2. pertaining to or secreting synovia (synovial fluid).

sy·no·vi·al

(si-nō'vē-ăl),
1. Relating to, containing, or consisting of synovia.
2. Relating to the membrana synovialis.

synovial

Radjective referring to the synovium.

Pronunciation 
Medspeak-UK: pronounced, SIGH no vee ull
Medspeak-US: pronounced, SIN oh vee ull

syn·o·vi·al

(si-nō'vē-ăl)
1. Relating to, containing, or consisting of synovia.
2. Relating to the synovial membrane.
References in periodicals archive ?
The team found that when incubated with osteoarthritic synovial fluid, the knee nerves were more excitable.
But studies have shown that IL-18 levels are significantly raised in synovial tissues as compared with serum of RA patients.23 Edward and it's co-researchers in USA also detected the mRNA expression of IL-18 in peripheral blood sample of RA patients.4 Their results showed the up-regulation of IL-18 mRNA expression in patients suffering from RA that are not responsive to DMARD treatment as compared to those that responded well to therapy.
Through the FDA's de novo premarket review pathway, the agency reviewed data from the company's clinical study that analysed 305 prospective synovial fluid samples collected from individuals with a total knee or hip joint replacement who were being evaluated for revision surgery.
To circumvent these challenges and provide a relevant model for the synovial membrane in which cells can interact with cellular matrix, Kiener and co-workers (2006) developed a 3-dimensional (3D) micromass model based on a mixture of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) and Matrigel[R] solution.
The aims of the study were (1) to investigate the efficacy, safety and effective duration of three weekly intra-articular injections of HA in patients with hemophilic arthropathy of knee (2) to evaluate changes in synovial thickness and vascularity by USG after intra-articular HA injection.
Diagnosis and surgical management of intraspinal synovial cysts: report of 19 cases.
These findings proved to be essentially diagnostic of synovial sarcoma.
(21-27) With the expanded diagnostic repertoire of soft tissue sarcomas based on cytogenetic and molecular characterization, fibrosarcoma has largely fallen out of favor as a diagnostic term, and today the entities most closely related morphologically and immunophenotypically are synovial sarcomas and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors.
Other very rare reasons include extending legs procedures, anorexia nevrosa, paraneoplastic syndromes, injury of ankle in inversion position and peroneal neuropathies due to synovial cyst as our case (1,2,6,8,9,15).
Results: Sixty-seven cases of synovial sarcoma (SS) were included in this study.
Since synovial sarcomas are so rare, many clinicians and radiologists are not familiar with their presentation and imaging appearance.