synovial


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Related to synovial: synovial membrane, synovial joint, Synovial sarcoma, Synovial chondromatosis, synovial cyst, synovial effusion, Synovial osteochondromatosis

synovial

 [sĭ-no´ve-al]
1. pertaining to a synovium (synovial membrane).
2. pertaining to or secreting synovia (synovial fluid).

sy·no·vi·al

(si-nō'vē-ăl),
1. Relating to, containing, or consisting of synovia.
2. Relating to the membrana synovialis.

synovial

/sy·no·vi·al/ (-al)
1. pertaining to a synovial membrane.
2. pertaining to or secreting synovia.

synovial

[sinō′vē·əl]
pertaining to, consisting of, or secreting synovia, the lubricating fluid of the joints, bursae, and tendon sheaths.

synovial

Radjective referring to the synovium.

Pronunciation 
Medspeak-UK: pronounced, SIGH no vee ull
Medspeak-US: pronounced, SIN oh vee ull

syn·o·vi·al

(si-nō'vē-ăl)
1. Relating to, containing, or consisting of synovia.
2. Relating to the synovial membrane.

synovial

describes joints that have a cavity lined by synovial membrane which secretes synovial fluid .

synovial

of, pertaining to, or secreting synovia.

synovial fluid
a protein-free dialysate of plasma with added hyaluronate, glycoproteins and other unidentified substances added by the synovial membrane. Called also synovia.
synovial folds
pleats of synovial membrane infoldings into joint cavities.
synovial fossa
nonarticulating areas in synovial joint articular surfaces found in the larger joints of larger animals. They are recessed below the surface of the cartilage and are unevenly sculpted.
synovial gout
see articular gout.
synovial joint
a specialized form of articulation permitting more or less free movement, the union of the bony elements being surrounded by an articular capsule enclosing a cavity lined by synovial membrane. Called also diarthrosis.
synovial membrane
the inner of the two layers of the articular capsule of a synovial joint; composed of loose connective tissue and having a free smooth surface that lines the joint cavity; it secretes the synovia.
synovial mucin
the lubricant in synovial joints; an acidoglycoprotein, the acid polysaccharide portion of which is hyaluronic acid.
synovial villus
see synovial villus.
References in periodicals archive ?
1,7,9) MRI findings include a synovial mass, fat signal intensity on all sequences, suppression of signal with fat-selective presaturation, joint effusion, and absence of MRI supporting hemosiderin.
All sections from each mouse were scored individually by a blinded observer on a scale of 0-3 as follows: 0 = normal, 1 = infiltration of inflammatory cells, 2 = synovial hyperplasia and pannus formation, 3 = bone erosion and destruction.
Ganglions and synovial cysts around the elbow are known to be a common phenomenon.
Joint space narrowing was also independently associated with the US features of synovial thickening (OR, 3.
Until the advent of electronic cell counters, the unique properties of synovial fluid mandated labor-intensive and time-consuming manual techniques.
Case report 817: Synovial chondrosarcoma secondary to synovial chondromatosis.
Synovial sarcomas are high-grade soft-tissue tumors that show a predilection for males (male-to-female ratio: 3 to 2); they typically occur in the third decade of life.
Though not very specific, a combination of the following signs in an appropriate clinical setting (young age, juxta-articular location) suggest a diagnosis of synovial sarcoma on MR imaging: (4,5)
have shown that inhibition of DPP-4 increases cartilage invasion by rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts.
In addition, for some types of cancers (such as synovial sarcoma), every individual tumor sample examined had a mutation in a BAF subunit.
In this report, we discuss the differential considerations for intraarticular masses and the clinical presentation of metastatic synovial disease.
After radiography and ultrasound, the differential diagnosis was rice body formation or synovial chondromatosis.