synechia

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synechia

 [sĭ-nek´e-ah] (Gr.)
adhesion, as of the iris to the cornea or the lens.
annular synechia adhesion of the whole rim of the iris to the lens.
anterior synechia adhesion of the iris to the cornea.
posterior synechia adhesion of the iris to the capsule of the lens or to the surface of the vitreous body.
total synechia adhesion of the whole surface of the iris to the lens.
synechia vul´vae a congenital condition in which the labia minora are sealed in the midline, with only a small opening below the clitoris through which urination and menstruation may occur.

sy·nech·i·a

, pl.

syn·ech·i·ae

(si-nek'ē-ă, -kē-ē; si-nē'kē-ă),
Any adhesion; specifically, anterior or posterior synechia.
[G. synecheia, continuity, fr. syn, together, + echō, to have, hold]

synechia

An adhesion, usually of the anterior pole of the eye, which may be anterior–iris to cornea, or posterior–iris to lens capsule

sy·nech·i·a

, pl. synechiae (si-nek'ē-ă, -ē)
Any adhesion; specifically, adhesion of an inflamed iris to the cornea (anterior synechia) or lens (posterior synechia).
[G. synecheia, continuity, fr. syn, together, + echō, to have, hold]

synechia

Adhesion of parts of the body. In the eye it refers to the iris. Note: also spelt synechiae.
annular synechia Adhesion of the entire pupillary margin of the iris to the capsule of the crystalline lens. Syn. ring synechia. See iris bombé; pupillary block.
anterior synechia Adhesion of the iris to the cornea. It may give rise to angle-closure glaucoma. Syn. goniosynechia (if at the AC angle). See inflammatory glaucoma; indentation gonioscopy; prolapse of the iris; Peter's anomaly; Rieger's syndrome.
posterior synechia Adhesion of the iris to the capsule of the crystalline lens. See iris bombé; iritis; uveitis.
ring synechia See annular synechia.
References in periodicals archive ?
(10) In the second and third cases, which developed synechiae, an argument might be made that obstruction of aqueous flow could occur at both the pupil and iridocorneal angle, which might later lead to glaucoma.
Regarding the postoperative complications, uveitic reaction, posterior synechiae, and IOL decentration did not occur in either group.
If orbital floor injury occurs, the floor should be repaired and the antrostomy should be completed to prevent postoperative synechiae which may contribute to postoperative orbital dysfunction.
Finally, patients with postophthalmic procedure sarcoid uveitis had significantly more synechiae. This result was in line with a previous series of 281 biopsy-proven sarcoidosis patients, in which 20-26% had posterior synechiae [13].
Risk of reformation of intrauterine synechiae after surgery is a concern.
It mainly involves the anterior segment of the eye [1, 5], where its ocular manifestations include phacodonesis, lens subluxation, melanin dispersion, insufficient mydriasis, blood-aqueous barrier dysfunction, anterior chamber hypoxia, posterior synechiae, and corneal endothelial decompensation [1, 2, 5, 6].
Closed angle results through pupillary block (posterior synechiae) or forward rotation of the cilliary body without pupillary block [2].
The most common sequelae of uveitis are anterior synechiae, posterior synechiae, cataract, glaucoma and retinal detachment.
In the remaining case, synechiae had formed between the caudal edge of the manually sutured inguinal ring and the large colon, while omental adhesion were observed on the contralateral (mechanically sutured) ring.
Uterine synechiae or Asherman's syndrome is a condition which can cause infertility, menstrual abnormalities, and recurrent pregnancy losses that occurs due to a partial or complete closure of the uterine cavity and/or the cervical canal (1).
There are potential problems for snoring patients who have a deviated nasal septum or have large inferior turbinates; the side effects include (1) headache, (2) epistaxis, (3) discomfort, (4) pain, (5) rebound nasal obstruction after removal in the daytime, (6) synechiae (scar tissue with adhesion) if there are excoriations between the nasal septum and turbinates, and (7) saliva/mucous draining from the NPAT during sleep.
(13,14) Moreover, neovascular glaucoma in enucleated eyes, caused by iris neovascularization (NVI) or secondary peripheral anterior synechiae, has also been shown to correlate with tumor recurrence.