synchrotron


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syn·chro·tron

(sin'krō-tron),
A machine for generating high-speed electrons or protons, as for nuclear studies.

synchrotron

A cyclotron which accelerates electrons via a pulsating magnetic field, imparting up to 20 MeV of energy. The first medical betatron was opened in the 1950s, but were limited by the low attainable strength of the magnetic field and the size of the magnetic core.

synchrotron

(sĭng′kră-trŏn″)
A particle accelerator used in medical imaging that accelerates positively or negatively charged particles.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also, we determined the importance of synchrotron mechanism analyzing the photon index according "the synchrotron lines of death" (-2/3 < [alpha] < -3/2) [17, 18], for this purpose the bursts were divided in regions of one second, which were fitted with two spectral models (PL, PLN) to obtain spectral parameters.
XAS technique has been applied for different steels at beamline BL8 of the Siam Photon Laboratory (SPL) at Synchrotron Light Research Institute (SLRI), Nakhon Rachasima, Thailand.
Additionally, image acquisition times are about 10x faster than the standard multi-beam synchrotron instrument owing to the significantly larger field of views, together with the fact that full-sized (128x128) FPAs can be used.
The topics include evaluating internal stresses using rotating-slit and two-dimensional detectors, in situ neutron diffraction measurements of the deformation behavior in high manganese steels, the effect of intergranular interaction and lattice rotation on predicted residual stress and textures in austenite and ferrite, evaluating residual stresses at the interface with implant by synchrotron radiation, the effect of process atmosphere on the microstructure and residual stresses after the laser surface hardening of steel, residual stress in coating produced by cold spray, and investigating residual stress/strain and texture in a large dissimilar metal weld using synchrotron radiation and neutrons.
Figure 4 shows the reflectance spectra of the SP/ BaFCl:[Eu.sup.2+] PC composite film before and after synchrotron radiation at room temperature.
Initially it functioned using components of the German synchrotron Bessy I, which was dismantled in 1994.
"It's a big paradigm shift because everyone thought it was synchrotron radiation for 20 years," said Jochen Greiner, an astronomer at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching, Germany.
After agreeing an undisclosed deal, the first cover has just been installed at the facility in Oxfordshire which generates brilliant beams of light from infra-red to X-rays, used for academic and industry research, by accelerating electrons to near light-speed in a synchrotron.
The images were produced using light emitted by particles accelerated to the speed of light by Daresbury's synchrotron (SRS) light source.
Crystal Scientific is a specialist manufacturer of X-ray mirrors used in synchrotron machines that produce intense beams of X-rays and ultra violet light which allow scientists to see atoms and molecules.
The football-field-size machine, called a synchrotron, uses tubes, magnets, vacuum pumps, and other gadgetry to produce intensely powerful beams of light.
The new scientific research facility, (below right), the Australian Synchrotron, in Victoria is expected to attract an extra $110 million a year to the national economy, creating an extra 2,500 jobs.

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