synaptic transmission


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synaptic transmission

the passage of a neural impulse across a synapse from one nerve fiber to another by means of a neurotransmitter. Compare ephaptic transmission.
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Synaptic transmission

synaptic transmission

The release of a neurotransmitter by a neuron that initiates or inhibits an electrical impulse in the next neuron in the pathway.
See also: transmission
References in periodicals archive ?
Our previous study showed that GluR5-containing kainate receptors (non-NMDA glutamate receptor) regulate the inhibitory synaptic transmission through endogenous glutamate; therefore, we tested how neonatal propofol and etomidate exposure affect endogenous glutamatergic tonic regulation to inhibitory synaptic transmission in P90 approximately rats.
26,27) Accordingly, the inhibition of mEPSCs suggested that the ketamine-induced inhibition of excitatory synaptic transmission was resulted from the blockade of the postsynaptic glutamatergic receptors.
Synaptic transmission is primarily based on the regulated release of neurotransmitter from synaptic vesicles (Heine 2012).
This finding indicates that an increased contribution of NMDARs to synaptic transmission may help to drive drinking under stressful/aversive conditions via actions in the limbic circuitry.
v][beta] forms part of VGCC complexes that underlie synaptic transmission of sensory information and efferent events detected by cnidocytes to postsynaptic cells such as neurites and other cnidocytes, in a manner similar to that observed in other hydrozoans (Thurm et al.
Recombinant BDNF rescues deficits in basal synaptic transmission and hippocampal LTP in BDNF knockout mice.
Thus the transmutation related free radical generation and altered calcium-magnesium ratios in the cell can alter synaptic transmission, mitochondrial function, golgi body/ER function, lysosomal function, immune activation, cell proliferation, insulin resistance and cell death.
Adenosine is a neurotransmitter that normally inhibits synaptic transmission and plasticity; that is, it induces sleepiness.
17) BDNF has emerged as a major regulator of synaptic transmission and plasticity in the adult brain, with a TrKB distribution mainly at glutamatergic synapses.
Namely, AD was hypothesized to arise from a deficiency of cholinergic synaptic transmission.
Lundbeck will focus on three main areas of biology: neurodegeneration, neuroinflammation and synaptic transmission which are relevant to a wide range of brain disorders, including depression, schizophrenia, Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and Huntington's diseases.
The papers have been organized into sections that discuss the delineation of anatomical circuits for pain the dorsal horn; the regulators of fast synaptic transmission in the dorsal horn; the regulators of slow synaptic transmission in the dorsal horn; synaptic plasticity and the application of sensory information in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord; and mechanisms and targets fro chronic pain the dorsa horn, including arthritic pain, visceral pain, and neuropathic pain.