symphalangism

symphalangism

 [sim-fal´an-jizm]
congenital ankylosis of the proximal joints of the fingers and toes.

sym·phal·an·gism

, symphalangy (sim-fal'an-jizm, sim-fal'an-jē),
1. Synonym(s): syndactyly
2. Ankylosis of the finger or toe joints.
[sym- + phalanx]

sym·phal·an·gism

, symphalangy (sim-fal'ăn-jizm, -jē)
1. Synonym(s): syndactyly.
2. Ankylosis of the finger or toe joints.

sym·phal·an·gism

, symphalangy (sim-fal'ăn-jizm, -jē)
1. Synonym(s): syndactyly.
2. Ankylosis of the finger or toe joints.
[sym- + phalanx]
References in periodicals archive ?
Lenz Majewski Hyperostotic Dwarfism (LMHD) was first described by Braham RL, in 1969, in a paediatric patient with several clinical features identical to Camurati-Engleman syndrome, another hyperostotic disorder associated with unusual features of progeria, widened ribs, enamel dysplasia, webbed hands and brachysyndactyly.1 Another paediatric patient with strikingly similar characteristics of progeria, enamel hypoplasia, craniodiaphyseal hyperostosis, choanal atresia and symphalangism, was later reported by Lenz and Majewski.2 These malformations were subsequently compiled into a distinct entity, LMHD.
LMHD is a distinct form of craniotubular bone disorder characterized by disproportionately large head, craniotubular hyperostosis with wide open fontannels and delayed closure of sutures, ectodermal dysplasia that includes loose, atrophic/wrinkled skin with prominent veins on the scalp (Cutis laxa) and enamel hypolasia, brachymesophalangy with proximal symphalangism. Webbed fingers and toes, large floppy ears, choanal atresia, nasolacrimal duct obstruction, cryptorchidism and inguinal hernia are some of the other frequent clinical findings.
The skeletal changes of Lenz-Majewski syndrome previously reported, comprise of progressive hyperostosis of craniofacial bones, cortical thickening of diaphysis of tubular bones and brachymesophalangy with proximal symphalangism. In addition to these, our patient also presented with deformities of multiple bones (including short and deformed radius and ulna, short 5th metacarpal and deformed foot) and atypical skin tags involving the area of chest, forearm and anus.
Brachdactyly type B2 is characterized by aplasia/hypoplasia of the distal phalanges along with the symphalangism, BDB2 is due to missense mutation in NOG gene.5
For example, I learned that the fusion of the intermediate and distal foot phalanges commonly observed in the fifth digit is called "symphalangism" and that the vascular channels in the posterior surface of the vertebral bodies are known as Hanh clefts.
Scaphotrapezial synostoses can be associated with other syndromes like hand-foot-uterus syndrome, symphalangism, and otopalataldigital syndrome [13-15].
orta falankslar kisa ve distal inter- falangeal (DIF) eklemlerin fleksiyon hareketi kisitli (symphalangism) bulundu (Sekil 2).
Eriskin hastamizda, ayni taraf elde orta falankslarda kisalik ve daha once klinikte veya literaturde bildirilen Poland sendromlu olgularda rastlamadigimiz interfalangeal eklem ankilozu (symphalangism) vardi.
Symphalangism with syndactyly and hypoplasia or aplasia of the middle phalanges can also be observed.
Computational analyses predicted that the alteration of the Nog heparin-binding site might have caused proximal symphalangism and conductive hearing loss (22).
A mutation in the heparin-binding site of noggin as a novel mechanism of proximal symphalangism and conductive hearing loss.
Roentgenographs depicted absence of several carpals and metacarpals; metacarpal 5 was represented by a small peg-like osseous element, and there was terminal symphalangism of first digital ray (Fig.1E).