sympathetic ophthalmia

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


severe inflammation of the eye or of the conjunctiva or deeper structures of the eye.
Egyptian ophthalmia trachoma.
gonorrheal ophthalmia gonorrheal conjunctivitis.
ophthalmia neonato´rum any hyperacute purulent conjunctivitis, such as gonorrheal conjunctivitis, occurring during the first 10 days of life, usually contracted during birth from infected vaginal discharge of the mother. The term formerly referred only to gonorrheal conjunctivitis, but now other types are recognized. It is prevented by instilling silver nitrate or other medication in the eyes of the newborn, although in an occasional infant silver nitrate may cause iatrogenic ophthalmia. Called also neonatal conjunctivitis.
phlyctenular ophthalmia phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis.
sympathetic ophthalmia granulomatous inflammation of the uveal tract of the uninjured eye following a wound involving the uveal tract of the other eye, resulting in bilateral granulomatous inflammation of the entire uveal tract. Called also sympathetic uveitis.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

sym·pa·thet·ic oph·thal·mi·a

a serous or plastic uveitis caused by a perforating wound of the uvea followed by a similar severe reaction in the other eye that may lead to bilateral blindness.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

sym·pa·thet·ic oph·thal·mi·a

(sim'pă-thet'ik of-thal'mē-ă)
Immune inflammation in a noninfected eye after trauma to the fellow eye.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Changing trends in sympathetic ophthalmia. Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 2004;32(5):542-545.
Expression of chemokines and gelatinase B in sympathetic ophthalmia. Eye 2007;21(5):649-657.
Laser photocoagulation for choroidal neovascularization associated with sympathetic ophthalmia. Am J Ophthalmol.
Photodynamic therapy for choroidal neovascularization secondary to sympathetic ophthalmia. Retina.
Minckler, "Does Nd:YAG cyclotherapy cause sympathetic ophthalmia?" Ophthalmic Surgery, vol.
Complications Incidence AC flare/uveitis 17.6%-100% Mild Hyphema 4%-17.6% Sterile hypopyon 1.5% Lens dislocation 1 case reported Severe/vision VA loss 5.3%-58% threatening VA decrease* 32.3-45.1% Hypotony 3.33%-32% Phthisis bulbi 3.3%-40% Choroidal detachment 2% Retinal detachment 1.6% Sympathetic ophthalmia ?