sylvatic plague

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.

syl·vat·ic plague

bubonic plague in rats and other wild animals.

sylvatic plague

Etymology: L, sylva, forest, plaga, stroke
an endemic disease of wild rodents caused by Yersinia pestis and transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected flea. Infection of humans by wild animals is described as a sylvatic stage. It is found on every continent except Australia. See also bubonic plague.

sylvatic plague

Bubonic plague that is endemic among wild rodents and their fleas.
See also: plague


an epidemic of disease attended by great mortality.

bubonic plague
an acute febrile, infectious, highly fatal disease caused by the bacillus Yersinia pestis. It is primarily a disease of rats and other rodents, dogs and cats, and is usually spread to humans by fleas. The more common form of plague is the bubonic. There is also a pneumonic type in humans, which can be spread directly from person to person by droplet infection. The clinical signs in all species are fever, vomiting and enlargement of lymph nodes, the buboes that give the disease its name.
cattle plague
duck plague
an acute infectious disease of ducks caused by a herpesvirus and characterized by tissue hemorrhages and blood free in body cavities, eruptions on the mucosae of the digestive tract, degeneration of parenchymatous organs and lesions in lymph nodes. Called also duck virus enteritis.
equine plague
see african horse sickness.
fowl plague
see avian influenza.
pneumonic plague
see bubonic plague (above).
septicemic plague
hematogenous spread of infection to many organs may occur without the formation of buboes; occurs in the cat with pulmonary involvement, disseminated intravascular coagulopathy and death.
swine plague
see swine plague.
sylvatic plague
bubonic plague in wild animals in uninhabited areas. See also sylvatic plague.


found in the woods; occurring in animals of the forest.

sylvatic plague
the disease of wild rats, ground squirrels, mice, marmots, owls, gophers, badgers, rabbits, prairie dogs and chipmunks caused by Yersinia pestis, and which serves as a reservoir for urban rats which are the origin, via the oriental rat flea (Xenopsylla cheopis), of bubonic plague in humans.
sylvatic rabies
that form of the disease transmitted by forest-dwelling animals, particularly foxes and wolves.
sylvatic ringworm
ringworm in domestic animals transmitted from wild animals.
References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, scientists at the National Wildlife Health Laboratory have been working since 1999 on a vaccine to protect black-footed ferrets from sylvatic plague.
Better yet, no sylvatic plague has been found at Janos so far.
In the classic description of sylvatic plague, some mammalian species, especially rodents, are believed to act as primary hosts, and to serve as persistent disease carriers (8,9).
We derive an operational definition of sylvatic plague phrases more suited to describing its natural history as observed in the western US.
At sylvatic plague sites inhabited by prairie dogs, the dominant fleas (Oropsylla species) are inefficient blockers, and host blood concentrations of 10 (6-7).
Gage and Kosoy (3) have described four hypotheses to explain the continued existence of sylvatic plague.
Population dynamics in white-tailed prairie dogs during an epizootic of sylvatic plague.
Interspecific comparisons of sylvatic plague in prairie dogs.
Sylvatic plague is a bacterial infection in animals that can be transmitted to humans by infected fleas.
Sylvatic plague is perhaps the greatest obstacle to ferret recovery, with devastating impacts on both prairie dogs and ferrets.
Belknap, Montana, and portions of the Colorado/Utah release area, experienced new episodes of sylvatic plague in 1999.
Sylvatic plague is endemic among ground squirrels and other wild animals in the San Gabriel Mountains.