swine vesicular disease

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swine ve·sic·u·lar dis·ease

a contagious disease of swine caused by a porcine enterovirus of the family Picornaviridae, closely related to the human enterovirus Coxsackie B-5, and characterized by vesicular lesions and erosions of the epithelium of the mouth, nares, snout, and feet; human infections have been reported in laboratory workers.


pertaining to or emanating from swine (pigs, hogs). See also porcine.

African swine fever
see african swine fever.
classical swine fever
see classical swine fever.
swine dysentery
a contagious disease of young pigs caused by Brachyspirahyodysenteriae, characterized by severe porridge-like diarrhea, sometimes dysentery, dehydration and heavy morbidity and mortality rates.
swine erysipelas
swine fever
see classical swine fever; African swine fever.
swine influenza
a highly contagious upper respiratory disease of pigs caused by swine influenza virus and a concurrent infection with Haemophilus influenzae. Clinical signs include fever, stiffness, recumbency, labored breathing, sneezing, paroxysmal cough and nasal and ocular discharge. Called also ferkelgrippe.
swine paramyxovirus
see paramyxovirus encephalomyelitis.
swine paratyphoid
swine plague
fibrinous pneumonia caused by Pasteurella multocida. May occur in outbreak form with a number of litters of young pigs being affected within a short time.
swine vesicular disease
is a highly infectious disease of pigs caused by an enterovirus related to human coxsackie B5 virus. It is clinically indistinguishable from foot-and-mouth disease in pigs. Vesicular lesions occur at the coronet, causing severe lameness, and in the mouth and on the snout.
vesicular exanthema of swine
see vesicular exanthema of swine.


1. composed of or relating to small, saclike bodies.
2. pertaining to or made up of vesicles on the skin.

avian vesicular dermatitis
vesicles on the skin of the feet and toes and occasionally on the head, on all birds; caused usually by photosensitization.
vesicular disease
a group of diseases of cloven-footed animals of major importance because of their high infectivity. See foot-and-mouth disease, vesicular stomatitis and vesicular exanthema of swine (below), swine vesicular disease, poisoning by the mushroom amanita.
vesicular emphysema
see alveolar emphysema.
vesicular exanthema of swine
an acute febrile disease caused by a calicivirus, genus Vesivirus. The clinical syndrome is one of vesicular stomatitis, with lesions occurring also on the coronets. The disease only ever appeared in the USA and was eradicated from that country in 1959.
vesicular gland
an accessory sex gland in ruminants, the counterpart of the seminal vesicle in the stallion but glandular instead of cystic. Consists of a much-coiled tube that exits at the seminal colliculus in the urethra.
vesicular murmur, vesicular sounds
the soft, sibilant sounds heard by stethoscopic auscultation over the lung parenchyma. They are caused by air moving in and out of the alveoli and terminal bronchioles and are an expression of normality of the lung tissue. Called also vesicular murmur.
porcine idiopathic vesicular disease
see porcine parvovirus.
vesicular stomatitis (VS)
an infectious disease of horses, cattle and pigs caused by a vesiculovirus transmitted by mosquitoes and biting flies. The clinical syndrome is one of vesicular stomatitis but lesions can occur on the udder and coronets.
Enlarge picture
Ruptured vesicles on the oral mucosa of a calf with vesicular stomatitis infection. By permission from Blowey RW, Weaver AD, Diseases and Disorders of Cattle, Mosby, 1997
swine vesicular disease
see swine vesicular disease.
vesicular vaginitis
see infectious pustular vulvovaginitis.
vesicular venereal disease
see infectious pustular vulvovaginitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Swine vesicular disease (SVD) is a contagious viral disease of pigs that produces clinical signs similar to foot-and-mouth disease.
foot-and-mouth disease virus, swine vesicular disease virus, and vesicular exanthema of swine virus) and vesicular stomatitis virus was conducted at the National Veterinary Services Laboratories of the US Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service in Plum Island, New York.
Serological relationship of swine vesicular disease virus and coxsackie B5 virus.
In 40 years of buying, fattening and selling pigs, the Waughs had never seen foot-and-mouth disease, although they did lose a herd in the 1970s when it was hit by an outbreak of swine vesicular disease, a close cousin of foot-and-mouth.
But as ASF control measures are very similar to those for other pig diseases included in the OIE list A, such as swine vesicular disease and classical swine fever, the proposal takes account of the newly-adopted Directive on CSF.
Part of the neutralizing antigenic site III has been described in this genome region in poliovirus and swine vesicular disease virus.