swine influenza

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Related to swine influenza: avian influenza

swine in·flu·en·za

an acute respiratory disease of swine caused by strains of influenza virus type A; it is believed to have become adapted to swine in the United States during the great human pandemic in 1918; fatal cases, as in such cases of pandemic influenza in humans, are commonly associated with secondary bacterial pneumonia.

H1N1 in·flu·en·za

Acute respiratory viral infection of humans that may pigs as a reservoir; may lead to secondary bacterial pneumonia.

swine influenza

Any of several influenza A viruses that primarily infects cells that line the respiratory tracts of pigs. It can spread to humans or birds when a pig is infected with more than one strain of influenza at the same time and the nucleic acids from the separate species mix, forming a new, potentially dangerous combination. Synonym: swine flu
See also: influenza


pertaining to or emanating from swine (pigs, hogs). See also porcine.

African swine fever
see african swine fever.
classical swine fever
see classical swine fever.
swine dysentery
a contagious disease of young pigs caused by Brachyspirahyodysenteriae, characterized by severe porridge-like diarrhea, sometimes dysentery, dehydration and heavy morbidity and mortality rates.
swine erysipelas
swine fever
see classical swine fever; African swine fever.
swine influenza
a highly contagious upper respiratory disease of pigs caused by swine influenza virus and a concurrent infection with Haemophilus influenzae. Clinical signs include fever, stiffness, recumbency, labored breathing, sneezing, paroxysmal cough and nasal and ocular discharge. Called also ferkelgrippe.
swine paramyxovirus
see paramyxovirus encephalomyelitis.
swine paratyphoid
swine plague
fibrinous pneumonia caused by Pasteurella multocida. May occur in outbreak form with a number of litters of young pigs being affected within a short time.
swine vesicular disease
is a highly infectious disease of pigs caused by an enterovirus related to human coxsackie B5 virus. It is clinically indistinguishable from foot-and-mouth disease in pigs. Vesicular lesions occur at the coronet, causing severe lameness, and in the mouth and on the snout.
vesicular exanthema of swine
see vesicular exanthema of swine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cases of swine influenza in humans: a review of the literature.
Detection and subtyping of swine influenza H1N1, H2N2, H3N2 viruses in clinical samples using two multiplex RTPCR assays.
The 2009 outbreak of swine influenza A is neither the first in this country nor in the world.
Classic swine influenza virus of the H1N1 subtype was identified as far back as 1931 as a cause of respiratory disease in pigs.
In September 2008, ARS, APHIS, and CDC launched a collaborative effort funded by CDC to develop a national swine influenza virus (SIV) surveillance pilot program.
The figures reflect a fall in travel to Mexico which was hit by an outbreak of swine influenza in April and May.
It is highly likely that these will be positive for swine influenza.
In light of the recent declaration of a National Public Health Emergency related to the swine influenza outbreak, we want to ensure that children and adults who need either of these medications can access them beyond the typical flu season," said state Medical Director Robert Moon.
What people outside of the livestock industry may not realize is that swine influenza, though not the 2009-H1N1 strain, is actually endemic in the United States, and that USDA, as well as the swine industry, have a long history of successfully dealing with this virus," Vilsack explained.
This action comes after a national committee for swine influenza was established at a meeting on April 25 at the Ministry of Health for the follow-up and management of the swine flu disease development, to deal effectively with the current outbreak situation.
The Czech EU Presidency convened an informal extraordinary Council of EU health ministers, on 30 April, to assess the threat posed by the swine influenza outbreak and to coordinate European efforts.