Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.
a febrile disease characterized by inflammation and redness of the skin and subcutaneous tissues, and due to Group A hemolytic streptococci; it is a form of cellulitis. The visible symptoms are round or oval patches on the skin that promptly enlarge and spread, becoming swollen, tender, and red. The affected skin is hot to the touch, and, occasionally, the adjacent skin blisters. Headache, vomiting, fever, and sometimes complete prostration can occur. Penicillin is the treatment of choice. Care must be taken to avoid spreading the disease to other areas of the body. Adj., adj erysipel´atous.
coast erysipelas a cutaneous manifestation of onchocerciasis seen in Central America, so called because of its resemblance to streptococcal erysipelas.
swine erysipelas a contagious and highly fatal disease of pigs, caused by Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae.
a destructive disease of swine, occurring in both acute and chronic forms, caused by Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae.