susceptibility


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susceptibility

 [sŭ-sep″tĭ-bil´ĭ-te]
the state of being susceptible.

sus·cep·ti·bil·i·ty

(sŭ-sep'ti-bil'i-tē),
1. Likelihood of an individual to develop ill effects from an external agent, such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, high altitude, or ambient temperature.
2. In magnetic resonance imaging, the loss of magnetization signal caused by rapid phase dispersion because of marked local inhomogeneity of the magnetic field, as with the multiple air-soft tissue interfaces in the lung.

susceptibility

The likelihood of suffering from an adverse effect or disorder when exposed to a noxious stimulus or pathogen. See Cancer susceptibility.

sus·cep·ti·bil·i·ty

(sŭ-sep'ti-bil'i-tē)
1. Likelihood of an individual to develop ill effects from an external agent, such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, high altitude, or ambient temperature.
2. Likelihood that a given pathogenic microorganism will be inhibited or killed by a given microbial agent.
Synonym(s): sensitivity (4) .
3. magnetic resonance imaging The loss of magnetization signal caused by rapid phase dispersion because of marked local inhomogeneity of the magnetic field, as with the multiple air-soft tissue interfaces in the lung; susceptibility measurement can estimate calcium content in trabecular bone.

susceptibility

A more than normal tendency to contract an infection or other disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
Role of sentinel surveillance of candidaemia: trends in species distribution and antifungal susceptibility. J Clin Microbiol.
Table 3 Susceptibility difference of ketoconazole, fluconazole, and miconazole.
or as a percentage loss of susceptibility, called percentage frequency dependent susceptibility ([X.sub.fd]%), it was calculated as follows:
where r and [theta] are spherical coordinates and x denotes the magnetic susceptibility. The main idea of QSM is to extract the susceptibility distribution according to (5), using the information of the local magnetic field from the measured phase images.
The percentage of gonococcal isolates with reduced cefixime susceptibility increased from 0.1% in 2005 to 1.6% in 2011 and decreased to 0.5% by 2013 (Table 1).
The normalized root mean square error (NRMSE) (normalized by root mean square of true susceptibility) of the whole volume and the linear regression of the measured versus known susceptibility was calculated for every method.
If the local clindamycin susceptibility rate falls below 85%, "beta-lactams, TMP/SMX, or tetracyclines may be used for less severe infections with intravenous vancomycin employed in severe cases," the investigators said.
In accordance with CLSI 2013 guidelines, MIC was done using E strips to determine vancomycin susceptibility. Susceptibility to routinely used antimicrobial agents like linezolid (30ug), minocycline (30ug), rifampicin (5ug), fusidic acid (10ug), chloramphenicol (30ug), clindamycin (2ug), tetracycline (30ug), ciprofloxacin (5ug), cotrimoxazole (25ug), gentamicin (10ug) and erythromycin (15ug) (Oxoid) was checked for all the isolated MRSA strains using modified Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion technique as per CLSI 2013 guidelines.
Treatment decisions were retrospectively assessed by an infectious disease physician using the online patient care record, for appropriateness based on the match between the susceptibility result and the antibiotics chosen after the direct susceptibility result was provided, but before the standard susceptibility result was provided.
Data was entered in Microsoft Excel worksheet and susceptibility percentages were calculated.
On the basis of these differences in distribution, the researchers hypothesized that the relative susceptibility of encapsulated material to peroxyl radicals and oxygen would be the least in solid lipid nanoparticles and the highest in nanostructured lipid carriers.
Owing to the large number of patients hospitalized with UTI and to limited resources, disc diffusion with selected antimicrobial discs is used for routine susceptibility testing instead of automated microbroth dilution.