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Continued existence; persistence of life.


Medtalk The length of time that a person lives after being diagnosed with a particular disease. See Disease-free survival, Event-free survival, Five-yr survival, Median survival.


Continuing to live, e.g., under conditions in which death would be the expected outcome.

Patient care

Health care professionals are sometimes asked by patients or their families how long a patient may be expected to live, because he or she has a serious illness or has already reached an advanced age. Even in intensive care units, predicting how long some one may live is difficult. Some illnesses (e.g., widely metastatic breast or lung cancers) leave a patient with weeks or months of life. Some traumas (e.g., gunshot wounds to the brain, heart, or great vessels) confer a survival of hours or less. A patient who is not responding to resuscitative efforts can be expected to live for minutes. For patients who are not at the extremes of illness or injury, several predictive tools can be used to provide crude estimates of survival. The Karnofsky Performance Scale, the Palliative Prognostic Indicator, and the Palliative Performance Scale, for example, can be used to gauge survival in grave illnesses. For average members of the population, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (National Center for Health Statistics) publishes tables that estimate the life expectancy of Americans based on their current age.

graft survival

Persistent functioning of a transplanted organ or tissue in a recipient of that organ. Survival rates of transplanted organs are influenced by many factors, including the age and health status of both the donor and the recipient of the graft, the immunological match between the donor and the recipient, the preparation of the organ before transplantation, and the use of immunosuppressive drugs. For some organ transplantation, graft survival approximates 90%.

Patient discussion about survival

Q. What are the best ways of surviving breast cancer? My sister is 35 and was leading a happy family life till last month. Her recent diagnosis of breast cancer disturbed her family life. Some of her friends threatened that it may sometimes lead to death. Is that true? With advance medical conditions, I hope I can save my sister. What are the best ways of surviving breast cancer?

A. There is nothing to worry by hearing your immature friend’s words. They may be illiterates. I am a two time breast cancer survivor. Continue to have mammograms even if you have had a mastectomy. I had a recurrence 2 years after my mastectomy. Doctors have only recently started ordering mammograms for mastectomy patients because they thought there was no need. Also make sure you take whatever medication is prescribed. I have a friend who suddenly stopped taking medications due to the side effects and the cancer returned. So take care seriously. Blessings!

Q. what are the symptoms of leukemia? and what effective treatment is available for it that increase survival chances ?

A. Leukemia isn't one disease but rather a group of many diseases. The major types are acute and chronic myeloid and acute and chronic lymphoblastic leukemias.

The signs and symptoms may vary, but usually result from deficiency of the normal blood cells due to the influence of the leukemic (actually malignant) cells. Therefore patients may suffer from superficial bleeding (due to deficiency of platelets), weakness and pallor due to anemia (deficiency of red blood cells) and infections due to deficiency of white blood cells.

Other signs and symptoms may include enlargement of the spleen and liver, fatigue, anorexia and weight loss, enlargement of lymph nodes, headache, sweating and fever.

The treatment depends on the specific type of leukemia, but generally includes chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation from a donor.

You may read more here:

Q. How fast can primary amyloidosis spread? And what is the average survival rate for this disease?

A. Your best bet for one-stop shopping for amyloidosis information on the net is There is also a Yahoo group named amyloidosis and also a mailing list named amyloid hosted by the Association of Cancer Online Resources. The amyloid list has around 500 subscribers, amyloidosis Yahoo group has maybe half that many. Face-to-face support for patients and caregivers is also available in most large metropolitan areas two or three times a year. See for details.

To join the amyloid list, see

More discussions about survival
References in periodicals archive ?
Retrospective analysis of SPIRIT I and II trials shows that baseline Metabolic Syndrome risk factors are associated with high sensitivity to Targretin and prolonged survival
Patients with particularly prolonged survival in this subgroup include males, smokers, stage IV disease and patients with greater weight loss prior to treatment, all risk factors associated with worst prognosis in NSCLC.
An evaluation of metabolic syndrome risk factors showed that the Targretin-sensitive subgroup showing better survival had at baseline a significant (p less than 0.
Of equal or greater significance, in our view, is that the expected one year patient survival in this study is 30%.
The great majority of patients have advanced disease at the time of diagnosis and are considered incurable, with a very short survival time.
This Phase II study showed that Tarceva, when used as first-line therapy in elderly patients with advanced NSCLC, produced encouraging survival (median 10.
In this subgroup median survival time to progression was 4.
Results in the subgroup of 157 male smokers with squamous-cell carcinoma showed that overall survival was significantly improved among those treated with Tarceva compared with those who received placebo.
Beginning in August, officially licensed and branded Vail Resorts Survival Straps gear will be available as well.
They are available in a variety of designs, and custom colors and dog tags can be chosen to design your own Survival Bracelet, Fishtail bracelet, key fob, watch strap, rifle sling and more.
Wagstaff will be charged with executing Survival Straps' goal of breaking into the mass retailer marketplace.
Prior to his role at Survival Straps, Wagstaff served as Vice President of Sales for Coleman Outdoor Products, managing the company's sales team and independent reps.