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Related to survival: Survival kit, Survival skills


Continued existence; persistence of life.


Medtalk The length of time that a person lives after being diagnosed with a particular disease. See Disease-free survival, Event-free survival, Five-yr survival, Median survival.


Continuing to live, e.g., under conditions in which death would be the expected outcome.

Patient care

Health care professionals are sometimes asked by patients or their families how long a patient may be expected to live, because he or she has a serious illness or has already reached an advanced age. Even in intensive care units, predicting how long some one may live is difficult. Some illnesses (e.g., widely metastatic breast or lung cancers) leave a patient with weeks or months of life. Some traumas (e.g., gunshot wounds to the brain, heart, or great vessels) confer a survival of hours or less. A patient who is not responding to resuscitative efforts can be expected to live for minutes. For patients who are not at the extremes of illness or injury, several predictive tools can be used to provide crude estimates of survival. The Karnofsky Performance Scale, the Palliative Prognostic Indicator, and the Palliative Performance Scale, for example, can be used to gauge survival in grave illnesses. For average members of the population, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (National Center for Health Statistics) publishes tables that estimate the life expectancy of Americans based on their current age.

graft survival

Persistent functioning of a transplanted organ or tissue in a recipient of that organ. Survival rates of transplanted organs are influenced by many factors, including the age and health status of both the donor and the recipient of the graft, the immunological match between the donor and the recipient, the preparation of the organ before transplantation, and the use of immunosuppressive drugs. For some organ transplantation, graft survival approximates 90%.

Patient discussion about survival

Q. What are the best ways of surviving breast cancer? My sister is 35 and was leading a happy family life till last month. Her recent diagnosis of breast cancer disturbed her family life. Some of her friends threatened that it may sometimes lead to death. Is that true? With advance medical conditions, I hope I can save my sister. What are the best ways of surviving breast cancer?

A. There is nothing to worry by hearing your immature friend’s words. They may be illiterates. I am a two time breast cancer survivor. Continue to have mammograms even if you have had a mastectomy. I had a recurrence 2 years after my mastectomy. Doctors have only recently started ordering mammograms for mastectomy patients because they thought there was no need. Also make sure you take whatever medication is prescribed. I have a friend who suddenly stopped taking medications due to the side effects and the cancer returned. So take care seriously. Blessings!

Q. what are the symptoms of leukemia? and what effective treatment is available for it that increase survival chances ?

A. Leukemia isn't one disease but rather a group of many diseases. The major types are acute and chronic myeloid and acute and chronic lymphoblastic leukemias.

The signs and symptoms may vary, but usually result from deficiency of the normal blood cells due to the influence of the leukemic (actually malignant) cells. Therefore patients may suffer from superficial bleeding (due to deficiency of platelets), weakness and pallor due to anemia (deficiency of red blood cells) and infections due to deficiency of white blood cells.

Other signs and symptoms may include enlargement of the spleen and liver, fatigue, anorexia and weight loss, enlargement of lymph nodes, headache, sweating and fever.

The treatment depends on the specific type of leukemia, but generally includes chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation from a donor.

You may read more here:

Q. How fast can primary amyloidosis spread? And what is the average survival rate for this disease?

A. Your best bet for one-stop shopping for amyloidosis information on the net is There is also a Yahoo group named amyloidosis and also a mailing list named amyloid hosted by the Association of Cancer Online Resources. The amyloid list has around 500 subscribers, amyloidosis Yahoo group has maybe half that many. Face-to-face support for patients and caregivers is also available in most large metropolitan areas two or three times a year. See for details.

To join the amyloid list, see

More discussions about survival
References in periodicals archive ?
The five-year survival rate for lung cancer is up from 11 per cent to 16.7 per cent, while for myeloma it was up from 28.9 per cent to 51.4 per cent.
Surrey has the highest five-year survival index in England - at 55.6 per cent - while North East London (49.3 per cent) has the lowest.
Across England, the figures show, the five-year survival index has risen from 43.8% for those diagnosed in 2001, to 53.2% for those diagnosed in 2012.
Earlier diagnosis for prostate cancer and breakthroughs in treatment for advanced disease have seen overall survival across all stages of the disease rise from 80.2 per cent in 2006 to 87.1 per cent.
Health director-general Datuk Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah seconded this, adding that survival data on cancer have long been recognised globally as crucial for monitoring the effectiveness of cancer control program.
In discussions with the company, the FDA advised that a successful Phase 3 trial should achieve both the primary endpoint of Day 28 OR and also demonstrate overall survival benefits through 180 days.
In univariate analysis, lymph node involvement, higher nodal stage and OR were significantly associated with decreased overall survival (Table-2).
Ministry of defense set a target of 1 million trees achieving 0.7 million with survival rate of 70 percent.
The new study, which appeared in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, asks the question: How do temperatures and rainfall influence survival of male and female tropical songbirds?
Annemarie Uhlig, M.D., M.P.H., from the University Medical Center Goettingen in Germany, and colleagues conducted a systematic literature review to examine gender-specific differences in disease-free, cancer-specific, and overall survival after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer.
"In the era of improved systemic therapy, checkpoint blockade for metastatic melanoma and the ability to surgically resect all disease after treatment is associated with an estimated survival of 75%, better than what's been previously reported," said Danielle M.

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