surveillance culture


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surveillance culture

The sampling of patients on admission into a hospital admission or an intensive care unitfor the presence of particular microorganisms (such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. or vancomycin-resistant enterococci).
Synonym: active surveillance culture
See also: culture
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References in periodicals archive ?
Take a current example of how surveillance culture relates to some pressing issues concerning surveillance in general.
We concluded that in the absence of a foreign body and with at least a year from the last known positive culture, patients with known MRSA should be rescreened and, if negative on an active surveillance culture, should be removed from contact precautions.
Comparison of the BD GeneOhm methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) PCR assay to culture by use of BBL CHROMagar MRSA for detection of MRSA in nasal surveillance cultures from an at-risk community population.
The only risk factor that predicted subsequent positive ESBL clinical culture was the amount of time in the hospital between positive surveillance culture and hospital discharge (OR 1.
Co-colonization by VRE and MRSA upon ICU admission was defined as a positive surveillance culture of the perirectal area for VRE and a positive surveillance culture of the anterior nares for MRSA within 48 hours of admission to either the MICU or SICU.
In areas where CRE are not endemic, acute care facilities should 1) review microbiology records for the preceding 6-12 months to determine whether CRE have been recovered at the facility, 2) if the review finds previously unrecognized CRE, perform a point prevalence culture survey in high-risk units to look for other cases of CRE, and 3) perform active surveillance cultures of patients with epidemiologic links to persons from whom CRE have been recovered.
Active surveillance culture (ASC) programs for VRE and aggressive implementation of infection control measures reduce VRE transmission among adult and pediatric patients (7,8).
Multicenter evaluation of BBL CHROMagar MRSA medium for direct detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococus aureus from surveillance cultures of the anterior nares.
First, this study was conducted to determine normal and abnormal bacterial carriage and its level by surveillance cultures collected on admission to the ICU.
There have been government initiatives to try to decrease MRSA infections, with the most perplexing issue being that of whether or not to perform surveillance cultures on as many people as possible to eradicate MRSA from the community, as well as the hospital.
During the latter period, weekly surveillance cultures were performed for neonates weighing less than 1,500 g.
Surveillance cultures are useful in patients who have ALF, but prophylactic antibiotics have not been shown to improve outcomes.

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