arrangements (whether commercial or not) can undoubtedly cause problems.
Rather than add to the heat of the discussions of surrogacy, I will try to illuminate some of the central ethical issues involved in surrogate motherhood
. I do so, however, with some humility, recognizing that I cannot share the anguish or need that prompts infertile couples to enter into contracts with surrogate mothers.
(80.) See Surrogate Motherhood
, supra note 61; MICH.
(37.) See Surrogate Motherhood
in India, https://www.stanford.edu/group/womenscourage/Surrogacy/debate.html (last visited June 21, 2013) (outlining pros and cons of commercial surrogacy in India).
They Urgently Need Protection," Guardian, June 5, 2012, http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/jun/05/india-surrogates-impoverished-die?fb=optOut; Amelia Gentleman, "India Nurtures Business of Surrogate Motherhood
." New York Times, May io, 2008; Judith Warner, "Outsourced Wombs," New York Times, Jan.
Mr and Mrs A also enquire whether Miss B has the right to terminate the surrogate motherhood
agreement, should DrX be able to assist them, and what their rights in respect of a valid surrogate motherhood
Drawing upon independent research as well as interviews with top reproductive scientists, she reveals the inner workings of market segments such as surrogate motherhood
, adoption, stem cell research, and human cloning.
* formation of animal-human hybrids; post-mortem harvesting of sperm and ova; sex-selection of embryos, in order to diagnose or treat (read abort) a sex linked disorder or disease; and surrogate motherhood
The pressures of surrogate motherhood
take their toll and Helen is fired, moves to Queens where Helen and takes up a new position at a car salesroom run by Mickey Massey (Hector Elizondo).
The Assisted Human Reproduction Act bans human cloning, sex selection, commercial surrogate motherhood
contracts, the sale of sperm and eggs, and sets out rules on human embryonic stem-cell research.
(2) The legal mother in gestational surrogate motherhood
could be the egg donor, the intended mother, the birth mother or some combination thereof.
Unfortunately, the country does not yet have a legal framework for surrogate motherhood
. The traditional or conventional notion of a mother is one who conceives, bears and delivers a child, either by normal or C-section procedure.