surgical spirit


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

surgical spirit

0.5% methyl salicylate, 2% diethyl phthalate and 2.5% castor oil in industrial methylated spirit (IMS) to 100%, used as an astringent and mild antiseptic (see Table 1)
Table 1: Topical agents with astringent/anhidrotic action
AgentFormulation
AlcoholIMS; 70% isopropyl alcohol; spirituous lotions, e.g. 3% salicylic acid in IMS; surgical spirit; evaporates to cool skin and reduce maceration
Formalin10% solution causes a toughening effect on epidermis (may cause hypersensitivity)
AgNO320-25% solution (higher strengths can be used as NaCl in sweat mitigates the action of AgNO3)
Tannic acidAs dusting powder, or as borotannic complex giving an antifungal action
HamamelisWitch hazel: cooling effect
CalamineLotion or cream with a mild astringent and absorbent action; it will take up 1.5 times its own weight of water
Salicylic acid 3%Astringent and antiseptic as a lotion or dusting powder
Burow's solutionAluminium acetate ∼5% solution; diluted 1:3 in water to reduce sweat flow
TalcAntipruritic and absorbent; used as a base for dusting powders and to lubricate the skin
Dusting powdersAstringent medicament (e.g. tannic acid, salicylic acid), or antifungal medicament (e.g. boric acid, undecenoic acid) and lubricating applications in a talc, kaolin and/or zinc oxide base
OthersAgents that coincidentally show astringent/anhidrotic action include potassium permanganate, sodium polymetaphosphate, ferric chloride and compound tincture of benzoin

Note: Astringents act variously to cause protein precipitation (and thereby reduce epidermal maceration), cooling of tissues, constriction of sweat ducts and skin lubrication); anhidrotics act variously as cooling agents, astringents, and to alter epidermal reaction to retained sweat (e.g. reduce friction at the skin surface).

Both are used to control hyperhidrosis and bromidrosis by preventing the accumulation of sweat, increasing the skin's reaction to the action of sweat, and to compensate for any loss of resistance to infection at the skin surface.

IMS, industrial methylated spirit.

References in periodicals archive ?
Police are investigating whether she was the victim of a 'fry', a cigarette contaminated with surgical spirit and said to taste of surgical alcohol and petrol, which was allegedly given to her by two men in Baron's nightclub in Swansea.
He should also be able to advise on night-time applications of surgical spirit or formaldehyde solution - both of which can prevent fungal growth and cheesy smells.
The young Northamptonshire all-rounder said: "I've tried surgical spirit, Friar's Balsam and urine in a bucket - dip your hand in it.
Once a cold sore starts, dab it with surgical spirit.
Thus, we have the likes of ER and Casualty, all sweaty brows and dire emergencies, or Carry on Doctor and Surgical Spirit -fantasy worlds where incompetent medics and buxom nurses rule.
1 Knightmare 2 Brian Murphy and Yootha Joyce 3 Charles Wycliffe 4 1962 5 Richard Hammond 6 Flathead 7 The Borg 8 Donald de Souza 9 Lenny Henry 10 Chocolate 11 The Really Wild Show 12 The Timmins family 13 Butcher 14 Meg 15 Steptoe and Son 16 Michael Jackson 17 Porterhouse Blue 18 Michelle Fowler 19 Special Agent Dale Cooper 20 The Family Ness 21 Valerie Tatlock 22 Olivia Newton John 23 Mackenzie 24 Empty 25 Charlie 26 Lochdubh 27 Nine 28 Surgical Spirit 29 Dallas 30 2001
Mr Harries has also produced many television programmes, including Surgical Spirit, The Grimleys, The Mrs Merton Show, and The Royle Family.
Sweaty feet ( use surgical spirit or witch hazel which dry up the skin.
Nichola McAuliffe returned in the comedy Surgical Spirit.
In the heat of summer, prevent cracking and soreness between the toes by applying surgical spirit daily using a cotton wool pad.