open-lung biopsy

(redirected from surgical lung biopsy)

open-lung biopsy

An inpatient procedure in which lung tissue is obtained by a surgeon, usually via an intercostal incision, while the patient is under general anaesthesia.

Indications
Peripheral lung disease—e.g., interstitial pneumonia, suspected cancer.

Complications
Bleeding, 1–2%.
References in periodicals archive ?
IPF is often difficult to diagnose without surgical lung biopsy (SLB), which is invasive, expensive and potentially risky.
Some patients will need a surgical lung biopsy if the diagnosis remains unclear following BAL.
2] data prior to AE because they first presented at the time of AE, and their surgical lung biopsy performed at that time showed DAD superimposed on the usual patterns of interstitial pneumonia (UIP; 5 cases) and NSIP (3 cases).
However, unless specifically contraindicated, surgical lung biopsy (SLB) is recommended for patients with atypical features of IPF (e.
4 In addition to the presence of UIP on surgical lung biopsy, the following additional features were required for a definitive diagnosis of IPF: (1) exclusion of other known causes of interstitial lung disease; (2) abnormal pulmonary function tests with restriction and/or impaired gas exchange; and (3) abnormalities on chest radiographs or high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) (bibasilar reticular abnormalities with minimal ground-glass opacity).
Then the physician is in the challenging position of having to decide whether to send someone for a surgical lung biopsy to evaluate the possibility of constrictive bronchiolitis because you can't make that diagnosis without a biopsy," Dr.
Washington, July 6 (ANI): A certain blood test can successfully identify lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) in some patients, eliminating the need for surgical lung biopsy to make a diagnosis, say researchers.
However, according to the American Thoracic Society and European Respiratory Society Consensus Statement, the diagnosis of IPF can be made without a surgical lung biopsy if the following major and minor criteria are met.
A HRCT showing predominantly basilar pleural-based honeycombing may abrogate the need for a surgical lung biopsy in suspected cases of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).
This outcome can lead to invasive procedures, such as transthoracic needle biopsy (TTNB) and surgical lung biopsy (SLB), which are risky and expensive.
As demonstrated in our patient, surgical lung biopsy often plays a key role in establishing the diagnosis of hypersensitivity pneumonia, especially in the absence of an incriminating exposure history.
Using 125 surgical lung biopsy samples from 11 hospitals across North America, researchers performed a series of statistical analyses to confirm that a genomic signal differentiating IPF can be identified using trained genomic classifiers.