surface

(redirected from surface markers)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

surface

 [sur´fas]
the outer part or external aspect of a solid body; called also facies.
buccal surface the vestibular surface of the molars and premolars, which faces the cheek.
contact surface proximal surface.
distal surface the surface of a tooth that is farthest from the midline of the dental arch, opposite to its mesial surface.
facial surface vestibular surface.
incisal surface the cutting edges of the anterior teeth, the incisors and canines, which come into contact with those of the opposite teeth during protrusive occlusion. See also occlusal surface.
labial surface the vestibular surface of the incisors and canines, which faces the lips.
lingual surface the surface of a tooth that faces inward toward the tongue and oral cavity, opposite the vestibular surface; called also oral surface.
masticatory surface occlusal surface.
mesial surface the surface of a tooth that is closest to the midline of the dental arch, opposite to its distal surface.
occlusal surface the surface of the teeth that comes in contact with those of the opposite jaw during occlusion; called also masticatory surface.
oral surface lingual surface.
proximal surface (proximate surface) the area where the mesial surface of one tooth touches the distal surface of another; called also contact area or surface.
vestibular surface the surface of a tooth that is directed outward toward the vestibule of the mouth, opposite to the lingual surface; see also buccal surface and labial surface. Called also facial surface.

sur·face

(sŭr'făs), [TA]
The outer part of any solid.
Synonym(s): face (2) [TA], facies (2) [TA]
[F. fr. L. superficius, see superficial]

surface

adjective Superficial.
 
verb The outer part of a solid structure.

surface

adjective Superficial verb Vox populi The outer part of a solid structure. See Working surface.

sur·face

(sŭr'făs) [TA]
The outer part of any solid.
See: superficial
Synonym(s): facies (2) [TA] , face (2) .
[F. fr. L. superficius]

sur·face

(sŭr'făs) [TA]
Outer part of any solid or liquid at point of liquid-air interface.
Synonym(s): face (3) , facies (2) .
[F. fr. L. superficius]

Patient discussion about surface

Q. I located a lump on the surface of my right underarm. I think I am showing some signs of breast cancer. I am 27 years old working lady. I think I am showing some signs of breast cancer. I located a lump on the surface of my right underarm. This lump is of a cherry size and does not pain at all. But I do have pain in my breast. I had my mammogram done which showed no lump and my doctor says that there is nothing to worry and she has given me some medicines. I want to know that if everything is normal then how come these lumps came.

A. there are ways to diagnose if lumps are breast cancer or not. a lump under the forearm can be a sign of an advanced stage of cancer, but it can also mean some kind of viral infection that caused a lymph node to swell up. so if a doctor told you it's fine- he probably checked it out, and it's fine. if you still anxious - go get a second opinion.

More discussions about surface
References in periodicals archive ?
As expected, these cells maintain the ability to be differentiated into chondrocytes, osteoblasts, or adipocytes, as shown by the expression of specific surface markers [11, 14].
(a) Representative shows altered expression of surface markers of CD14/CD16/HLA-DR/ICAM-1/CCR2 in T Mo of healthy donors (H T Mo), from AECOPD patients at admission (A T Mo) and remission (R T Mo), as well as in A Mo of AECOPD patients at admission (A A Mo) and remission (R A Mo).
Caption: Figure 2: Effect of OSU-T315 on activation and costimulatory cell surface markers after TLR9-mediated stimulation of human B cells.
We have analyzed for the first time adhesion and activation of cell surface markers of peripheral immune cells in a chronic pathologic endogenous hypercortisolemic state.
In our study, we find that high glucose not only predominantly induces macrophages to secrete inflammatory cytokines but induces M1 polarization as evidenced by the expression of surface markers on macrophages.
Similar to MSCs, hUCM cells express HLA-class I but not HLA-class-II surface markers (33).
The cells were phenotypically characterized for the presence of surface marker CD90 by immunostaining and visualized by fluorescent microscopy.
Furthermore, enzymatic digestion, used in the early steps, can alter surface markers and corroborate subsequent sorting by fluorescence-activated cell sorters.
The cell surface markers, MHC class II, CD40, CD80, CD83, and CD86 typically expressed on DCs in mammalian species (Banchereau and Steinman, 1998).
"There they had similar Neolithic cemeteries with no surface markers," Cuttler recalled.
The MSCs at each passage were characterized by monitoring the transcriptional patterns of MSC-specific pluripotent and surface markers. Finally, chondrogenic differentiation potentials of cUC-MSCs were also tested.

Full browser ?