In addition to A and B in figure 2, there exist inexhaustible layers of interrelations changing over time, in which different pairs of A and B represent subsystems and the suprasystem
. Thus, contradictions also include the internal ones between A and B, and external ones between the pairs of A and B and other pairs in different layers of the system in the endless running river of time.
The English placement test, a timed standardized test mandated by the state chancellor's office (a closely related suprasystem
), placed nearly half of our students in a variety of non-credit-bearing courses, beginning in the learning skills department and continuing to a "remedial" course in the English department.
As the country includes many systems, the country's population represents the suprasystem
. Because of the interdependence of farmers and herdsmen, they influence each other despite their cultural differences with regard to language and lifestyle.
Those systems may be autopoietic themselves, and that could lead to a contradiction between the interests of a suprasystem
and its subsystems and therefore to an operational conflict.
A system is an organized, unitary whole composed of two or more interdependent parts, components, or subsystems and delineated by identifiable boundaries from its environmental suprasystem
. The systems approach to management views the organization as unified, purposeful system composed of interrelated parts.
These range from interactions strictly within the body (the "pain system"), to those in the health care professions and the legal/administrative framework in which they operate ((the "suprasystem
Systems theorists see the team as a system with subsystems (disciplines) that is embedded within a suprasystem
(hospital or other health care organization), with roles and responsibilities shifting over time to achieve homeostasis of the system (e.g., Estes, 1981; O'Connor, 1980).
The issue is analyzed from two different levels: Level 1 analyzes the socio-cultural, political, and economic metasystems; and Level 2 analyzes the educational suprasystem
. Extensive interview results from public responses to teaching evolution and creationism in schools are included.
Systems also contain subsystems and are contained by suprasystems
. A DE classroom may be viewed as a system in its own right, while being viewed also as part of a suprasystem
, that of the social work program.
The holistic system of human communication is developed through an endless process of production and reproduction of the interaction between yin and yang, hence human communication is a suprasystem
which contains different layers of subsystems (e.g., A, B, C1, C2, D1-D4 in the model).
This latter focus would be greatly enhanced by an understanding of the three dimensions of the development holon (see Figure 1) and the clear differentiation between (a) the learning sub-system, (b) the system of strategic interest brought forth by that subsystem, and (c) plausibly different scenarios of the potential states of the environmental suprasystem
in which that system of interest might have to operate in the future.
defines the lateral collection of agents intending to enter the joint alliance.