supraglottitis


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supraglottitis

 [soo″prah-glŏ-ti´tis]
inflammation of the epiglottis, most often as a result of infection with Haemophilus influenzae type b, but also due to other bacterial, viral, or fungal infection or to thermal injury or other trauma; it is characterized by drooling, sore throat, and distress, and can lead to life-threatening upper airway obstruction. Called also epiglottitis.

sup·ra·glot·ti·tis

(sū'pră-glo-tī'tis),
An infectious inflammation and swelling of the laryngeal tissue above the glottis, especially of the epiglottis, which becomes red and spheric leading to upper airway obstruction. See: epiglottitis.

su·pra·glot·ti·tis

(sū'pră-glot-ī'tis)
An infectious inflammation and swelling of the laryngeal tissue above the glottis, especially of the epiglottis, which becomes red and spheric to cause upper airway obstruction.

Supraglottitis

Another term for epiglottitis.
Mentioned in: Epiglottitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Viral supraglottitis is a rare entity, as only a few cases have been reported in the literature.
Viral supraglottitis in an adult: A case presentation and literature update.
Meningococcal strains causing supraglottitis appear to be more locally aggressive but cause less disseminated disease, possibly due to decreased tropism for endothelial cells (8).
To our knowledge, ours is the second case of meningococcal supraglottitis reported with severe neck edema and cellulitis; a 44-year-old woman in a prior review had features similar to our patient (8).
meningitidis may cause supraglottitis more frequently than is recognized (3).
We describe a rare case of meningococcal supraglottitis (2-6) further complicated by cervical cellulitis.
The diagnosis of supraglottitis is most consistent with the patient's clinical picture of sore throat, dysphagia, fever, muffled voice, and swollen supraglottic tissues, as seen on plain films, fiberoptic laryngoscopy, and cervical CT scan (8).
Cervical abscesses can complicate supraglottitis (9), but no abscess was detected on repeated CT scans.
An association between smoking crack cocaine and thermal supraglottitis has been previously reported in the literature.
From 1992 through 2001, our institution treated nine patients for thermal supraglottitis subsequent to crack cocaine inhalation.
Supraglottitis is an acute infection of the supraglottic larynx.
Supraglottitis was first reported in 1900 by Theisen, who called it angina epiglottidea [1] Woo and van Hasselt [2] and Shapiro et al [3] favor the term acute supraglottitis because the inflammatory process involves multiple supraglottic structures rather than the epiglottis alone.