supragingival plaque

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Related to supragingival plaque: subgingival plaque

su·pra·gin·gi·val plaque

(sūpră-jinji-văl plak)
Plaque located on teeth below the gingival margin in the gingival crevice and periodontal pockets.
References in periodicals archive ?
Supragingival plaque may modify the effects of subgingival bacteria on attachment loss.
The sample site was isolated with sterile cotton rolls and the supragingival plaque was removed using cotton rolls and air dried.
More specifically older reports find very little if any supragingival plaque, while recent ones demonstrate a positive correlation between subgingival calculus, gingival inflammation and periodontal destruction [Wara-aswapati et al., 1999; Clerehugh and Tugnait, 2001].
Pre- and post-rinse 24-hour supragingival plaque (SP) samples from Group 1 and Group 2 were collected.
Comparison of irrigation to floss as an adjunct to tooth brushing: Effect on bleeding, gingivitis, and supragingival plaque. J Clin Dent.
Clinical measurements recorded were plaque index (Turskey, Gilmore, Glickmann modification of Quigley Hein plaque index, 1970) (8) as an expression of the level of full mouth supragingival plaque accumulation.
Air polishing has been found to be more effective than traditional polishing at stain and supragingival plaque biofilm removal.
There is also a greater loss of interproximal gingival attachment and bone on the molars because of sub gingival placement of bands.14 There is also alveolar and marginal bone loss and gingival recession12 (fig 3) due to orthodontic tipping forces pushing supragingival plaque subgingivally.
Mateu and others conducted a double-blind clinical study of 94 individuals and concluded that the triclosan/copolymer dentifrice "is efficacious for the control of established supragingival plaque and gingivitis.(3) In another study, Cullinan and others studied the long-term use of triclosan/copolymer dentifrice on the progression of periodontal disease in a general adult population.(4) The study design was a double-blind, controlled clinical trial of 504 volunteers.
A pooled subgingival sample was collected from each subject (555 subjects), from the first molars and incisors using sterile paper points (Tanari #30, Tanariman Industrial Ltda., Manacapuru, AM, Brazil) inserted to the depth of the gingival sulcus after removal of supragingival plaque. For subjects missing those teeth, microbial samples were obtained from second molars and/or lateral incisors.