The third group is related to the supersaturation
relative to the ice surface (S group) and includes the Philips and original Meyers schemes.
The main finding of this work is to show experimentally that performing CBD deposition in "several runs of optimized time" allows avoiding the supersaturation
solution phenomenon which constitutes the major problem uncounted when seeking to control the thickness of the deposited films.
Formulate are given for the asymptotic grain size distribution, for the number of grains per unit volume and for the supersaturation
as a function of time.
The urine supersaturation
of uric acid was significantly higher in athletes than non-athletes.
Due to the characteristics of diffusion there is a gradual hardness increase with the formation of massive internal compressive stresses caused by the massive supersaturation
. The outcome is a significant improvement to the fatigue strength of the material .
In gas polymer foaming technique, generally, fast depressurization results in higher supersaturation
leading to a greater nucleation rate, thus leading to the formation of small pores .
The diel variation in dissolved oxygen, from supersaturation
during the day to anoxic conditions during the night, favors the predominance of the cyanobacteria Oscillatoria sp., which comprises >90% of the total phytoplankton at both surface and bottom of the water column.
2) the hydrophilic group can possess ability to specific adsorption on the growing crystals, reducing their linear size and, according to Gibbs-Calvin equation (1), increases the extent of solution supersaturation
demanded for mass crystallization i.e.
They reported that supersaturation
of urine with oxalate, uric acid, and brushite were the same for (G1) and (G3) and higher than (G2).
Furthermore, cell degradation following renal epithelial injury results in the generation of numerous membranous vesicles, which are effective crystal nucleators, the enhancement of crystal nucleation at low supersaturation
, and the promotion of crystal-cell interactions .
This coupling, combined with at least a transient state of ammonium urate supersaturation
, promotes the formation of AAU stones .
We can consider that, thanking into account the fact that we are above the supersaturation
stage, we have a crystallisation of citric acid during this period.