, residing in the oral cavity instead of normal permanent teeth, are generally recognized at radiographic examinations for routine dental applications (21-23).
In patients with craniofacial syndromes, impacted or supernumerary teeth
are considerably prevalent; CBCT images have been found supportive in planning orthodontic treatment of the patient with syndrome who has impacted and supernumerary teeth
Analyses of 1100 supernumerary teeth
in a nonsyndromic Turkish population: A retrospective multicenter study.
They are twice as common in males as compared to females; with about 30% of them occurring in the maxilla. Supernumerary teeth
being most common in the maxilla have a strong predilection for the anterior region.
In addition, we have reviewed the existing literature to focus on incidence, prevalence, proposed hypothesis for etiology, and management of supernumerary teeth
Caption: Figure 7: (a, b) Delayed closure of the sutures, widening of the anterior fontanelle, Wormian bones, sclerotic skull base, numerous supernumerary teeth
, and malocclusion can be seen in the cranial radiographs (11 years).
However, due to superimposition of anatomical structures, supernumerary teeth
may be overlooked on conventional radiographs.
* Additional unusual dental findings such as single-rooted funnel-shaped molars, reduced crown size, enamel hypoplasia, supernumerary teeth
, dental fusion, dysmorphic roots, taurodontism, abnormal occlusal anatomy with wide grooves, and atypical cusps have been reported in most previous cases of the Ellis-van Creveld syndrome.
are frequently observed in dental examination however the etiology is unknown (7).
Common symptoms of CCD include hypoplasia or aplasia of the clavicles, delayed or even absent closure of fontanels, midface hypoplasia, short stature, delayed eruption or impaction of permanent and supernumerary teeth
, as well as other skeletal malformations, such as wide pubic symphysis, brachycephalic skull, and abnormal mandibular ramus and coronoid process.[sup], Among the various phenotypic spectra of CCD, hypoplasia or aplasia of the clavicles and dental abnormalities are common.
 compared DPSCs isolated from supernumerary teeth
and SHEDs in 3 ageand sex-matched patients.
According to guidelines provided by the Institutional Review Board (IRB, number S-D20100005), human maxillary central supernumerary teeth
(N = 8) were extracted from children at the Dental Hospital of Seoul National University.