Anomalies associated with breast development are common, presenting as supernumerary nipples (polythelia) and less often as supernumerary breast (polymastia) in 1-5% of population.
from their study on a population of American women found that supernumerary nipple and accessory breast tissue were more common in the Native American women than in the non-native women.
Polythelia has been defined as the presence of supernumerary nipples without association with other anatomical glandular structures; normally they follow the path of the mammary line from the armpit to the pubic region (1).
Supernumerary nipples are located on the mammary line and are usually asymptomatic.
Polythelia, the presence of supernumerary nipples or nipple-areola complexes, is the most common anomaly of the pediatric breast.
Keywords: Intraareolar polythelia, Supernumerary nipples, Nipple malformation.
Potentially useful measures of hormone-sensitive end points are standardized examinations for supernumerary nipples
, size of breast buds, hypospadias, cryptorchidism, prostate size, anogenital distance and related measures, tooth mineralization, sexual development, gynecomastia, detailed neurologic examinations, and neurodevelopmental assessment of motor development, language, and cognition (Alaluusua et al.
On examination he was found to have bilateral supernumerary nipples, which the patient considered to be birth marks.
Supernumerary nipples are usually rudimentary and occur along the milk line from the axilla to the pubis.
If this regression does not occur and ridge persist, supernumerary nipples
or breasts develop along milk line.
Supernumerary nipple (Polythelia) and supernumerary breast (Polymastia) are common anomalies of breast.
Supernumerary nipple and supernumerary breast are common ectopic breast diseases described in literature.