supernatant

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supernatant

 [soo″per-na´tant]
the liquid lying above a layer of precipitated insoluble material.

su·per·na·tant flu·id

clear fluid that, after the settling out of an insoluble liquid or solid by the action of normal gravity or of centrifugal force, takes up the upper portion of the contents of a vessel.

supernatant

Floating on the surface.

supernatant

the clear liquid above a precipitate which has settled out.
References in periodicals archive ?
The levels of FSH, LH and cAMP in the cell supernatant in Cetrorelix(-) group were significantly decreased compared to the blank(-) group (p<0.05), while the LH level in the CSF(-) group was significantly increased (p<0.05).
The addition of Cu to soil supernatants was effective at reducing urea hydrolysis, but the effect varied with Cu addition and soil type.
However, a single report on long-term marrow cultures of AA patients has shown elevated levels of MIP-1[alpha] in the baseline culture supernatants of 14 of 20 AA patients, and following IL-1[alpha] stimulation of the cultures, the levels further increased in 7 patients but markedly decreased in remaining 7 patients as observed by us in the present study [14].
UV-Visible Spectroscopy of Powder Supernatants. When compared with the silica supernatants, the QELBY supernatants showed a broad bulge between 240 and 280 nm.
The inclusion of a negative control (plasma) and a positive control (PRP lysate) for establishing GF enrichment allowed us to observe that the supernatants from PRG-C and their correspondent PRP lysate showed the highest TGF-[[beta].sub.1] concentrations.
LDH concentrations in the cell culture supernatants of U937 cells and PBMC remained below 4% and 10%, respectively, of the total LDH of lysed cells, irrespective of the experimental setting.
It is therefore easily dispersed in SDS containing buffers and thus cannot be examined directly in supernatants by zymographic techniques.
Secretion of IL-1[beta] to culture supernatants and the presence of the cleaved forms of IL-1[beta] and Caspase-1 were examined in culture supernatants and cell lysates.
Inhibitory percentage of each dose of supernatant = [(Net dry weight of ctrl sample - Net dry weight of mycelia of treatment samples)/ Net dry weight of mycelia in control well] x 100
Culture of Gb03 strain in marine broth for 36 hours at 30[degrees]C, were centrifuged at 15000xg for 15 minutes, and followed by filtering the supernatant through 0.2[micro]m Millipore membranes.
Objective: Laboratory mice animals infected with Candidaalbicans isolate were used to study the treatment with probiotic cell, probiotic supernatant and probiotic cell & supernatant of probiotic type Lacteol[R] fort,and the current study focus on detecting the concentration of cytokines (IL-4, IL-12 and IFN-[gamma]) of infected C.
and supernatants were filtered through 0.22 [micro]m polyvinylidene difluoride membranes (Millipore Co., Bedford, MA, USA) to remove residual cells and cellular debris.