superior colliculus

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su·pe·ri·or col·lic·u·lus

the paired, larger, rounded anterior eminence of the laminae of mesencephalic tectum; major afferent connections of the superficial layers are the retina and striate cortex; input to deep layers of the colliculus are polymodal. Its efferent connections are with the lower brainstem and spinal cord (tectobulbar tract and tectospinal tract) and with the pulvinar and other cell groups in the caudal part of the thalamus; it participates in the extrageniculate visual pathway. The layers of the superior colliculus from superficial to deep are: zonal layer (stratum zonale), superficial gray layer (stratum griseum superficial), optic layer (stratum opticum), intermediate gray layer (stratum griseum intermedium), intermediate white layer (stratum medullare intermedium), deep gray layer (stratum griseum profundum), and deep white layer (stratum medullare profundum).


Visual field loss in a quarter of the visual field of the eye. The defect is usually bilateral, as it is caused by a lesion past the optic chiasma. It may be homonymous (binasal, bitemporal, upper or lower), crossed (one upper and the other lower), congruous (equal size of the defects), or incongruous (unequal size of the defects) (Fig. Q1). Syn. quadrantanopsia; quadrantic anopsia; quadrantic hemianopia. See hemianopia.
Fig. Q1 Complete, right, superior homonymous quadrantanopia due to a lesion of the optic radiations in the left temporal lobeenlarge picture
Fig. Q1 Complete, right, superior homonymous quadrantanopia due to a lesion of the optic radiations in the left temporal lobe


pl. colliculi; a small elevation.

caudal colliculus
see midbrain colliculus (below).
midbrain colliculus
there are four colliculi in the tectum of the midbrain, two caudal (inferior) and two rostral (superior) containing the visual and auditory reflex centers. Called also corpora quadrigemina.
seminal colliculus, colliculus seminalis
a prominent portion of the male urethral crest, on either side of which, depending on the species, are the openings of the vasa deferens or ejaculatory ducts; called also verumontanum.
superior colliculus
see midbrain colliculus (above).
References in periodicals archive ?
The control sections of the superior colliculus and lateral geniculate body stained deep magenta color.
The treatment sections of the superior colliculus and lateral geniculate body showed less intense staining and appearing pachychromatic.
In this experiment, the DNA staining revealed that efavirenz administration affects the staining intensity of nuclei in the neurons and glia cells of the superior colliculus and lateral geniculate body in the treated adult Wistar rats.
Histological effects of chronic administration of efavirenz on the superior colliculus of adult Wistar rats.
Time of origin of neurons of rat superior colliculus in relation to other components of the visual and visuomotor pathways.
Cortex controls multisensory depression in superior colliculus.
Somatosensory-motor neuronal activity in the superior colliculus of the primate.
Cells of origin of several efficient pathways from the superior colliculus in Galago senegalerisis.
Selective retrograde labeling with D-[3H] aspartate in afferents to the mammalian superior colliculus.
an associate professor in the Salk's Systems Neurobiology Laboratory, added: "We often look directly at attended objects and the superior colliculus is a major component of the motor circuits that control how we orient our eyes and head toward something seen or heard.
In their current study, the Salk researchers specifically asked whether the superior colliculus is necessary for covert attention.
The superior colliculus contains a topographic map of the visual space around us, just as conventional maps mirror geographical areas.

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