superficial heat


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superficial heat

The application of heat to the skin and subcutaneous tissues.
See also: heat
References in periodicals archive ?
Although superficial heat therapy, TENS, and US are widely used for chronic low back pain, evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of chronic low back pain do not recommend any of these therapies due to lack of evidence.
It covers principles of therapeutic modalities and rehabilitation; the physiology of pain and injury; electrical modalities and nerve stimulation; cold and superficial heat therapies; ultrasound, electromagnetic fields, and laser therapies; mechanobiology, exercise, and manual therapies; and putting it all together.
(22) A review by French et al found limited evidence for the common practice of applying superficial heat or cold for low back pain, while moderate evidence in a small number of trials supported the use of superficial heat for the short-term reduction of pain and disability in patients with acute or subacute low back pain.
Effect of superficial heat, deep heat, and active exercise warm-up on the extensibility of the plantar flexors.

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