superficial fascia


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fascia

 [fash´e-ah] (pl. fas´ciae) (L.)
a sheet or band of fibrous tissue such as lies deep to the skin or invests muscles and various body organs. adj., adj fas´cial.
Organization and connective tissue components of skeletal muscle. From Applegate, 2000.
aponeurotic fascia a dense, firm, fibrous membrane investing the trunk and limbs and giving off sheaths to the various muscles.
fascia cribro´sa the superficial fascia of the thigh covering the saphenous opening (fossa ovalis femoris).
crural fascia the investing fascia of the lower limb.
deep fascia aponeurotic fascia.
endothoracic fascia that beneath the serous lining of the thoracic cavity.
fascia la´ta the external investing fascia of the thigh.
Scarpa's fascia the deep, membranous layer of the subcutaneous abdominal fascia.
superficial fascia
1. a fascial sheet lying directly beneath the skin.
thyrolaryngeal fascia the fascia covering the thyroid gland and attached to the cricoid cartilage.
transverse fascia that between the transversalis muscle and the peritoneum.

sub·cu·ta·ne·ous tis·sue

[TA]
an irregular layer of adipose and connective tissue, stroma, or membrane immediately deep to the skin and superficial to the deep fascia, usually consisting primarily of either just loose connective tissue [TA] (textus connectivus laxus [TA]), or a fatty layer [TA] (panniculus adiposus [TA]) that may also include a muscle layer [TA] (stratum musculosum [TA]), and/or a fibrous layer [TA] (stratum fibrosum [TA]}; it may occur as a membranous layer [TA] (stratum membranosum [TA]) only, being nearly devoid of fat (as in the auricles, eyelids, scrotum, and penis); it is penetrated by, and gains support from, skin ligaments [TA] (retinacula cutis [TA]) extending between the dermis and the deep fascia; cutaneous nerves and superficial vessels course within the subcutaneous tissue, with only their terminal branches passing to the skin; of the body's coverings, this layer varies most between sexes and in different nutritional states. Terminologia Anatomica [TA] has recommended that the terms "superficial fascia" and "deep fascia" not be used generically in an unqualified way because of variation in their meanings internationally. The recommended terms are "subcutaneous tissue [TA] (tela subcutanea)" for the former superficial fascia, and "muscular fascia" or ("visceral fasci viscera[is]") in place of deep fascia.

su·per·fi·cial fas·ci·a

(sū'pĕr-fish'ăl fash'ē-ă)
A loose, fibrous envelope beneath the skin, containing fat in its meshes (panniculus adiposus) or fasciculi of muscular tissue (panniculus carnosus); it contains the cutaneous vessels and nerves and is in relation by its undersurface with the deep fascia.
Synonym(s): hypodermis, tela subcutanea.
References in periodicals archive ?
The superficial fascia and Buck fascia are fixed respectively at the 3, 6, 9 and 12 o'clock positions at the base of the penis.
Diagnostic Criteria for Necrotizing Fasciitis * Extensive necrosis of the superficial fascia in the absence of macrovascular occulsion.
A superficial dissection was done in the superficial fascia of the lower limb to dissect the GSV from its beginning in front of medial malleolus at ankle to its termination into the femoral vein in the upper thigh region at the saphenous opening.
[24] in their studies on 10 human fetuses described the continuity of the platysma muscle with the superficial fascia in the parotid region.
Whereas "cellulitis" refers to infection superficial to the superficial fascia, the term "septic fasciitis" refers to infection that has extended to involve the fibrous fascia itself.
Necrotizing fasciitis is a severe form of soft tissue infection that primarily involves the superficial fascia. It may be due to insults to the integumentary system, or from hematogenous spread.
The superficial fascia of the scalp (Images 1 and 2) is directly continuous with the superficial fascial membranes of the back of the neck, and by extension, the superficial fascia of the rest of the body.
All skin and superficial fascia were removed over the anteromedial thigh to expose the fascia lata.
The Lesion had been present for 2 years, and it had invaded through the superficial fascia and into the parotid gland (figure 1, A).
The adjacent paraspinal muscles and overlying superficial fascia are histologically normal without interstitial scarring or hemosiderin deposits.
In the present case the origin was in the arm and from the brachial artery and it was also in the superficial fascia. (fig.

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