The Islamic State was likely dependent on a transnational network that supplied components for its IEDs to also provide the disulfur dichloride, a precursor for sulfur mustard
. This compound is used in the manufacture of synthetic rubbers and dyes and when reacted with ethlyene can produce sulfur mustard
and equal quantities of sulfur impurities.
Long-term complications of sulfur mustard
poisoning: retinal electrophysiological assessment in 40 severely intoxicated Iranian veterans.
The collaborative team specifically focused efforts on sarin and sulfur mustard
by incorporating a review of published literature, best clinical practices, and information gleaned from exposure-based interviews and clinical examinations of CWA casualties.
exposure was confirmed by chemical analysis.
Lymph node discoloration and spleen pathology were found in autopsies of sulfur mustard
victims (Alexander, 1947).
Toxicology and pharmacology of the chemical warfare agent sulfur mustard
. Pharmacol Rev 48:289-326.
Bioterrorist agents, such as nerve agents, sulfur mustard
agents, and cyanide compounds, are included as well as detailed animal-exposure information and reference values for assessing potential human exposure.
A modern chemical weapon tragedy recounted by Mayor is the 2 December 1943 German bombing of the SS John Harvey, which was docked in Bari, Italy, secretly holding two thousand M47A1 sulfur mustard
Researchers at NIST have developed microsensors that detect nmol/mol quantities of chemical warfare agents (CWAs), including sarin (GB), tabun (GA) and sulfur mustard
The third chapter covers organic chemicals and is divided into 16 chemical classes, plus a section on miscellaneous chemicals (e.g., cyanamide, sulfur mustard
, phthalates, cytostatic drugs, and hormones).
The nanoreactor-based topical skin protective cream, when applied to a soldier's hands and face, is an effective protectant against nerve agents, particularly sulfur mustard
. The cream was developed because, during the 1991 Gulf War, the "existing chemical protective clothing was too bulky, unbreathable, and in some circumstances ineffective against sulfur mustard
," said an ARL official.
A joint UN-OPCW team appointed to assign blame for alleged chemical attacks in Syria found that Daesh terrorists had used sulfur mustard
in their attacks from 2015 to 2017.