sulfur mustard


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Related to sulfur mustard: lewisite, nitrogen mustard, sarin, Phosgene oxime

mus·tard gas (HD),

a poisonous vesicating gas introduced in World War I; it is the progenitor of the so-called nitrogen mustards; used in chemical warfare; a known carcinogen.
Synonym(s): di, mustard (2) , sulfur mustard

sul·fur mustard

(sŭl'fŭr mŭs'tărd)
A vesicating chemical-warfare agent used extensively in World War I (1914-1918) and thereafter and sometimes called "mustard gas," a misnomer because it does not boil until 217°C (423°F). The NATO code for the impure sulfur mustard prepared by the Löwenstein process used in World War I is H; the NATO code for neat, or distilled, sulfur mustard is HD.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Islamic State was likely dependent on a transnational network that supplied components for its IEDs to also provide the disulfur dichloride, a precursor for sulfur mustard. This compound is used in the manufacture of synthetic rubbers and dyes and when reacted with ethlyene can produce sulfur mustard and equal quantities of sulfur impurities.
Long-term complications of sulfur mustard poisoning: retinal electrophysiological assessment in 40 severely intoxicated Iranian veterans.
The collaborative team specifically focused efforts on sarin and sulfur mustard by incorporating a review of published literature, best clinical practices, and information gleaned from exposure-based interviews and clinical examinations of CWA casualties.
Lymph node discoloration and spleen pathology were found in autopsies of sulfur mustard victims (Alexander, 1947).
Toxicology and pharmacology of the chemical warfare agent sulfur mustard. Pharmacol Rev 48:289-326.
Bioterrorist agents, such as nerve agents, sulfur mustard agents, and cyanide compounds, are included as well as detailed animal-exposure information and reference values for assessing potential human exposure.
A modern chemical weapon tragedy recounted by Mayor is the 2 December 1943 German bombing of the SS John Harvey, which was docked in Bari, Italy, secretly holding two thousand M47A1 sulfur mustard (H) bombs.
Researchers at NIST have developed microsensors that detect nmol/mol quantities of chemical warfare agents (CWAs), including sarin (GB), tabun (GA) and sulfur mustard (HD).
The third chapter covers organic chemicals and is divided into 16 chemical classes, plus a section on miscellaneous chemicals (e.g., cyanamide, sulfur mustard, phthalates, cytostatic drugs, and hormones).
The nanoreactor-based topical skin protective cream, when applied to a soldier's hands and face, is an effective protectant against nerve agents, particularly sulfur mustard. The cream was developed because, during the 1991 Gulf War, the "existing chemical protective clothing was too bulky, unbreathable, and in some circumstances ineffective against sulfur mustard," said an ARL official.
A joint UN-OPCW team appointed to assign blame for alleged chemical attacks in Syria found that Daesh terrorists had used sulfur mustard in their attacks from 2015 to 2017.