sulfur mustard


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Related to sulfur mustard: lewisite, nitrogen mustard, sarin, Phosgene oxime

mus·tard gas (HD),

a poisonous vesicating gas introduced in World War I; it is the progenitor of the so-called nitrogen mustards; used in chemical warfare; a known carcinogen.
Synonym(s): di, mustard (2) , sulfur mustard

sul·fur mustard

(sŭl'fŭr mŭs'tărd)
A vesicating chemical-warfare agent used extensively in World War I (1914-1918) and thereafter and sometimes called "mustard gas," a misnomer because it does not boil until 217°C (423°F). The NATO code for the impure sulfur mustard prepared by the Löwenstein process used in World War I is H; the NATO code for neat, or distilled, sulfur mustard is HD.

mustard

an irritant compound derived from the dried ripe seed of Brassica (Sinapis) alba, B. nigra or B. juncea. Contains toxic allyl isothiocyanate in nontoxic glycoside form, though the plant also contains myrosinase, an enzyme that converts the glycoside to the toxic form. Used as a carminative, emetic and counterirritant in poultices.

mustard gas
one of several gases used in military activities, e.g. dichlorodiethylsulfide. Causes vesication of skin, blindness due to corneal damage, and pulmonary edema if inhaled.
mustard greens
green foliage of several mustard-type plants, used in salads.
mustard oil
present in high concentrations in mustard plants and causes acute indigestion in animals.
mustard oil glucosinolates
toxic oil glucosinolates found in plants.
sulfur mustard
a synthetic compound with vesicant and other toxic properties.
tansy mustard
References in periodicals archive ?
Apoptosis and necrosis induced by sulfur mustard in Hela cells.
Because of the use of blistering agents during the Iran-Iraq War, various methods were developed to detect sulfur mustard in water and soil and in biological fluids collected from victims (19).
Sulfur mustard exposure is a once-in-a-lifetime case, he said.
AEOL 10150 was given to rats one hour after sulfur mustard vapor exposure and repeated every 6 hours.
Preclinical expenses also increased over the comparable period in 2009 due to increased animal study activity to support the Company's ARS development program The Company currently has eight studies in progress including studies of AEOL 10150 as a potential countermeasure against the effects of: radiation on the lungs in mice and non-human primates and the gastro-intestinal tract in mice, chlorine gas on the lungs in mice and sulfur mustard gas on the lungs in rats and skin in mice, and studies of AEOL 11207 as a potential treatment for epilepsy and for Parkinson's disease.
as a medical countermeasure against the effects of sulfur mustard gas on the lungs,
ARS, sulfur mustard gas and chlorine gas) and multiple syndromes within ARS (pulmonary and gastrointestinal) establish its potential to offer an increase in capability compared with currently available countermeasures.
This Center of Excellence was developed to focus on chlorine and sulfur mustard toxicity in the lung and the long-term goal is to develop an effective treatment for chlorine and mustard gas induced injury in the lungs," stated Dr.
We are very impressed with the robust effects of AEOL 10150 in rescuing the lung against the deleterious effects of sulfur mustard vapor," stated Dr.
The studies, funded by the National Institutes for Health's CounterACT program, have been designed to test the efficacy of AEOL 10150 as a treatment for damage to the skin, lungs and eyes due to exposure to sulfur mustard gas and to examine potential effective doses, duration of delivery and the window of opportunity for treatment after exposure.
Protease Inhibitors Prevent Microvesication in Sulfur Mustard Wounds on Human Skin Explant" - B.
We are very impressed with the robust effects of AEOL 10150 in rescuing the lung and skin against the deleterious effects of CEES and are eager to test its efficacy against sulfur mustard vapor," stated Dr.