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a sweet carbohydrate of either animal or vegetable origin; the two principal groups are the disaccharides and the monosaccharides.
beet sugar sucrose from sugar beets.
blood sugar
1. glucose occurring in the blood.
2. the amount of glucose in the blood.
cane sugar sucrose from sugar cane.
fruit sugar fructose.
invert sugar a mixture of equal amounts of dextrose and fructose, obtained by hydrolyzing sucrose; used in solution as a parenteral nutrient.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


(shu'găr), Avoid the colloquial substitution of this word for glucose unless the meaning is clear from the context.
One of the sugars, which see, pharmaceutical forms are compressible sugar and confectioner's sugar.
See also: sugars.
[G. sakcharon; L. saccharum]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


1. A sweet crystalline or powdered substance, white when pure, consisting of sucrose obtained mainly from sugarcane and sugar beets and used in many foods, drinks, and medicines to improve their taste. Also called table sugar.
2. Any of a class of water-soluble crystalline carbohydrates, including sucrose and lactose, having a characteristically sweet taste and classified as monosaccharides, disaccharides, and trisaccharides.

sug′ar·er n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


A water-soluble, crystallizable carbohydrate that is the primary source of energy and structural components. See Amino sugar, Non-reducing sugar, Reducing sugar.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


Colloquial usage for sucrose; pharmaceutic forms include compressible sugar and confectioner's sugar.
See also: sugars
[G. sakcharon; L. saccharum]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


a simple form of CARBOHYDRATE, formed of MONOSACCHARIDE units. Such molecules can exist in either a straight chain or a ring form. The straight chain contains a C=O group; if this group is terminal the sugar has the properties of an aldehyde (aldose sugar), if nonterminal the sugar acts as a ketone (ketose sugar). Both aldose and ketose sugars can be oxidized and will reduce alkaline copper solutions (see FEHLING'S TEST, BENEDICT'S TEST). They are thus called REDUCING SUGARS. Several disaccharides such as maltose and lactose are also reducing sugars. Sucrose, however, is a nonreducing sugar in which the linkage of glucose and fructose masks the potential aldehyde group of glucose and the potential ketone group of fructose, so that no reduction occurs in the Fehling's and Benedict's tests.

The backbone of the sugar can be of varying lengths, containing as little as three carbons (triose sugars) but, more commonly five carbons (pentose sugar) and six carbons (hexose sugars).

Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005


One of the sugars, e.g., confectioners' sugar.
[G. sakcharon; L. saccharum]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about sugar

Q. how high is to high sugar I have been to surgry 3 times in 2 months and I have had my sugar go over before but not like this. I went to the Dr and Hes not worried about it. In the morning it is running 124 to 143 and 2 hrs after I eat it is running 165 to 200. At the Dr office it only showed 5.6 and He said 6.5 and over is bad! I have never sugar this high ever! It is in the family, my Mom, her Mom, her Dad ECT. What do you all think about it!

A. It seems what the doctor was referring to at the office wasn't the blood glucose (sugar) measurements but rather HbA1c - a substance in the blood that reflects the sugar levels in the PAST 8-12 weeks. Surgery is a substantial stress to your body and thus can increase your blood sugar. The A1C reflects the average levels during that time so it may overcome the temporary elevation due to the surgery.

You may read more here:

Q. Is there any difference in sugar. Is there any difference in sugar between flavored milk and fruit drinks or carbonated soft drinks?

A. Yes …Flavored milk contains both natural and added sugars and has less added sugar than carbonated soft drinks. It has been found that flavored milk just contributes only 2-4 % of total added sugar in kid’s diets as compared to 50-60 percent or more by soft and fruit drinks.

Q. i have high sugar problem .. how can i reduce it to a normal levels? and what medications can help me?

A. You can watch your diet and limit the amount of sugar you consume (avoid sugar containing food and drinks). In addition, watching your weight and limiting the fat and carbohydrates in your diet is also very helpful. Daily physical activity is known to be very helpful for glucose level problems, and of course medication, if necessary. You should consult a doctor about which medications to take, depending on your glucose levels. It can be either pills or insulin injections.

More discussions about sugar
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References in periodicals archive ?
Treated barley grain with alum and sugar beet pulp extract had a higher post-ruminal and total tract CP and starch disappearance compared with other treatments when the in situ mobile nylon bag technique was used (p<0.05).
(1998) recorded that sugar beet pulp has a relatively high content of soluble and insoluble NDF, but it can be considered an energy concentrate because both soluble and insoluble NDF are highly digestible.
Sugar beet pulp pectin (SBPP) contains higher degree of acetylation and neutral sugar content and feruloyl group, and pool gelling property and emulsification as a result which significantly influence the usage in food process.
The scientists showed that up to 50 percent sugar beet pulp can be incorporated with PLA, and the resulting thermoplastic composites retain mechanical properties similar to those of polystyrene and polypropylene--the compounds used to make white, spongy food packages.
In addition to Dyadic Nederland BV, the four-year sugar beet pulp collaboration will include Wageningen University for characterization of enzyme-treated substrates, Delft University for yeast fermentation engineering, the Energy Research Center of the Netherlands for process modeling and economics, and Royal Nedalco for commercial testing of the process.
Most commercial pectin is obtained by extraction from citrus peels, but sugar beet pulp is also rich in pectin.
It consists of 0.5kg molasses, 0.75kg straw, 0.05kg lime flour, minerals, 0.75kg rapeseed meal, 8.5 kg rolled barley, 1kg sugar beet pulp and 8kg grass silage at a cost of pounds 1 per head a day.
The research has been carried out using commercial sugar beet pulp. Scientists now are working with potatoes.
Free on Truck - Hamburg Soymeal 44%, Hamburg Rapemeal, double zero, Hamburg Jul 10 290.00 + 5.00 Aug 10 183.00 + 5.00 Aug 10 290.00 + 5.00 Sep-Oct 10 183.00 + 3.00 Sep-Oct 10 290.00 + 5.00 Nov-Jan 11 183.00 + 3.00 Nov-Apr 11 289.00 + 5.00 Nov-Apr 11 183.00 + 3.00 May-Oct 11 274.00 + 6.00 May-Jul 11 182.00 + 2.00 Soymeal German Hipro 49% US - Corn gluten pellets Hamburg fow Weser Jul 10 315.00 + 5.00 Loco unq Aug 10 315.00 + 5.00 Sep-Oct 10 315.00 + 5.00 Nov-Apr 11 312.00 + 5.00 May-Oct 11 297.00 + 6.00 Palm kernelexpeller 22% Palm kernelexpeller 22% Indo/Philippines, FOB Weser Indo/Philippines, FOB Hamburg Oct-Apr 11 130.00 unch Jul 10 unq Citrus pulp pellets Sugar Beet Pulp Pellets Weser Hildesheim/Braunschweig Afl.
Free on Truck - Hamburg Soymeal 44%, Hamburg Rapemeal, double zero, Hamburg Jul 10 285.00 + 3.00 Aug 10 178.00 - 3.00 Aug 10 285.00 + 3.00 Sep-Oct 10 180.00 - 1.00 Sep-Oct 10 285.00 + 3.00 Nov-Jan 11 180.00 unch Nov-Apr 11 284.00 + 2.00 Nov-Apr 11 180.00 unch May-Oct 11 268.00 + 2.00 May-Jul 11 180.00 - 1.00 Soymeal German Hipro 49% US - Corn gluten pellets Hamburg fow Weser Jul 10 310.00 + 3.00 Loco unq Aug 10 310.00 + 3.00 Sep-Oct 10 310.00 + 3.00 Nov-Apr 11 307.00 + 2.00 May-Oct 11 291.00 + 2.00 Palm kernelexpeller 22% Palm kernelexpeller 22% Indo/Philippines, FOB Weser Indo/Philippines, FOB Hamburg Oct-Apr 11 130.00 - 1.00 Jul 10 unq Citrus pulp pellets Sugar Beet Pulp Pellets Weser Hildesheim/Braunschweig Afl.
The beef farmer's search for cost reductions must extend to drug price cuts and significant discounts on processed arable sector waste like sugar beet pulp and distillery by-products, according to the National Beef Association.