substrate


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substrate

 [sub´strāt]
1. any substance upon which an enzyme acts.
2. a neutral substance containing a nutrient solution.
3. a surface upon which a different material is deposited or adhered, usually in a coating or layer.

sub·strate (S),

(sŭb'strāt),
1. The substance acted on and changed by an enzyme; the reactant considered to be attacked in a chemical reaction.
2. That on which an organism lives or grows (for example, the substrate on which microorganisms and cells grow in cell culture).
[L. sub-sterno, pp. -stratus, to spread under]

substrate

(sŭb′strāt′)
n.
1. The material or substance on which an enzyme acts.
2. Biology A surface on which an organism grows or is attached.
3. An underlying layer; a substratum.

substrate

Psychiatry The mental and/or emotional basis on which a particular response occurs. See Suicide substrate.

sub·strate

(S) (sŭb'strāt)
1. The substance acted on and changed by an enzyme; the reactant considered to be attacked in a chemical reaction.
2. The base on which an organism lives or grows, e.g., the substrate on which microorganisms and cells grow in cell culture.
[L. sub-sterno, pp. -stratus, to spread under]

substrate

The substance on which an ENZYME acts. Any reactant in a reaction that is catalyzed by an enzyme.

substrate

  1. the medium on which an organism (especially a microorganism) can grow.
  2. the solid object to which a plant is attached, such as a rock forming the substrate for a seaweed STIPE.
  3. any substance on which an enzyme can act.

sub·strate

(sŭb'strāt)
1. Substance acted on and changed by an enzyme.
2. That on which an organism lives or grows (e.g., substrate on which microorganisms and cells grow in cell culture).
[L. sub-sterno, pp. -stratus, to spread under]
References in periodicals archive ?
Geographically, the global lcd glass substrate market is segmented into North America, Asia Pacific, Europe, Middle East & Africa and South America.
In such an environment, Panasonic will enhance its substrate material business in China and Taiwan to meet the increasing demand for the required materials.
When transferring the trays to benches with an intermittent irrigation by capillarity, the ideal is the use of a substrate that stores a large volume of water easily available to plants.
The authors found that the initiation of substrate translocation is extensively coordinated with other regulatory events preparing the proteasome for processive substrate degradation.
To further reveal the mechanism by which substrate roughness affects pattern formation, we observed the process of droplet evaporation in real time.
Therefore, to efficiently carry out purification, it is important to ensure that the catalytic reaction progresses over the entire surface of the substrate by reducing the skew in the flow velocity distribution and controlling it to become more uniform.
In this study, we used coconut husk as a main material and mixed it with different proportions of sand, coconut charcoal, cow manure compost, and microbial fertilizer to generate a series of compound substrates, using the rice husk substrate as a control.
The layout of the proposed slow-wave half-mode substrate-integrated waveguide Yagi antenna which consists of two layers of Rodgers 4350 substrate has been plotted in Figure 5.
The effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers on growth, yield and post-harvest behavior of TPS seedling tubers were studied by [8, 9] and the significant increase in number of tubers and yield of potato by improving the substrate with addition of farmyard manure was also observed by [7].
The purpose of the survivable virtual network embedding (SVNE) is to provide survivability to VNs running on the substrate network against substrate failures through the means of VNE.
This activity can be used to address different abstract concepts of enzyme substrate interaction at different levels of understanding, i.e., it includes flexibility for teachers working with students of different abilities and levels.
In an initial set of studies using juveniles of both species, we compared the growth rates (both shell and tissue mass increases) and survival of juveniles attached to solid substrate with the growth and survival of individuals that were prevented from attaching to solid substrate.