substernal


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substernal

 [sub-ster´nal]
below the sternum; called also infrasternal.

sub·ster·nal

(sŭb-ster'năl),
1. Deep to the sternum.
2. Synonym(s): infrasternal

substernal

/sub·ster·nal/ (sub-ster´n'l) below the sternum.

substernal

[-stur′nəl]
Etymology: L, sub + Gk, sternon, chest
pertaining to the area beneath the sternum.

substernal

behind the sternum.
References in periodicals archive ?
One month later, the patient returned with similar substernal chest pain.
The incidence of various symptoms were dysphagia 100%, regurgitation 45%, epigastric or substernal pain 35%, weight loss 25% and cough in 12% cases, which are comparable with study of Mazzadi SA [11] (2004) in which dysphagia (100%), regurgitation (40%) and epigastric pain (30%).
The child was completely awake without any respiratory difficulty; however, he showed minimal substernal retraction without any motor block.
Sternotomy for substernal goiter: retrospective study of 52 operations.
18) Other authors have demonstrated similar findings, indicating that a thyroid mass of larger than 5 cm is a predictor of worsening postoperative voice outcomes, (19) and up to 17% of substernal goiters are associated with some degree of recurrent nerve injury.
We describe our technique for the safe resection of substernal thyroid goiters.
Typical chest pain was defined as having (1) substernal chest pain or discomfort, which was (2) provoked by exertion or emotional stress and (3) relieved by rest and/or nitroglycerin.
The patient presented eight days after the index hospitalization with severe, crushing, substernal chest pressure.
In our department, CT scan was used to observe suspicious invasion of the surrounding tissues or substernal thyroid cancers.
Two heavy "guardian suture" were applied post operatively between the submental and substernal skin to avoid the extension of neck.
These may be useful in patients with recurrent goiter, Graves' disease, substernal goiter, patients on anticoagulants2,5,6,11-13.