substance-related disorder


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substance-related disorder

Any disorder related to drug abuse or the effects of medication. Substances include alcohol, amphetamines, anxiolytics, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, hypnotics, inhalants, methamphetamine, nicotine, opioids, phencyclidine (PCP), and sedatives.
See: abuse, substance; substance dependence disorder; substance-induced disorder
References in periodicals archive ?
Substance-related disorders are of two types: substance use disorders and substance-induced disorders.
The coexistence of mental disorders with substance use or substance-related disorders has been well documented [4-7].
This study investigated whether gender-specific prevalence rates differ in terms of counselor diagnoses of certain mood, psychotic, adjustment, childhood, and substance-related disorders, and whether these diagnoses exhibit the same gender-related differences as those reported in the DSM-IV-TR and by researchers who are not counselors = 1,583).
Using all nine decision rules, 39.41% (20 male adolescents, 34 female adolescents) screened for a high probability of a substance-related disorder, although 70.8% reported no current alcohol or drug use and 42.3% reported never taking a drink or drug.
These calculations revealed that compared with women who had no diagnosis, those with a psychiatric disorder had twice the odds of bearing a low-birth-weight infant (odds ratio, 2.0), those with a substance-related disorder had almost four times the odds (3.7) and those with both types of diagnoses had three times the odds (3.0).
More than one-third of adolescents aged 12-17 have used alcohol or drugs in the past year, with adolescents of Native American, white, Hispanic, and multiple race/ethnic backgrounds most at risk for substance use and substance-related disorders, a study has shown.
For substance-related disorders, there was no statistically significant difference in diagnoses as a function of race, [X.sup.2] (1, N = 104) = .15, p = .39.
Given that this type of plot is difficult to interpret, subgroups were reconstructed along the two following major dimensions: the first, "mental disorders," includes cognitive impairments, schizophrenia, bipolar disorders, major depression, and dysthymia; the second, "delinquency," includes substance-related disorders, antisocial personality, and incarceration within the last 12 months.
Individuals with any mental disorder, any substance-related disorder and/or major depressive disorder were more likely to fail to complete secondary education compared with those without the disorders (ORs and 95% CI 1.2, 1.0-1.4; 1.6, 1.1-2.5; and 1.6, 1.1-2.3, respectively).
Clients presenting for mental health counseling frequently have co-existing or secondary substance-related disorders. The high prevalence of these disorders among mental health clients supports universal screening of clients.
It is estimated that more than 15% of South African adults are infected with HIV, (3) and 16%, 10% and 13% of South African adults have had an anxiety, mood or substance-related disorder in their lifetime.
This fellowship model provides fellows with experience in the prevention, clinical evaluation, treatment, and long-term monitoring of substance-related disorders. The training emphasizes the management of medical, psychiatric, and social conditions in the comprehensive care of these patients and is informed by a wide range of evidence-based interventions.

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