substance dependence


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Related to substance dependence: substance dependence disorder

dependence

 [de-pen´dens]
a need for something; sometimes used as a synonym for drug dependence.
chemical dependence (drug dependence) see drug dependence.
emotional dependence psychological dependence.
physical dependence (physiological dependence) drug dependence in which the drug is used to prevent withdrawal symptoms or in which it is associated with tolerance, or both.
psychoactive substance dependence drug dependence.
psychological dependence drug dependence in which the drug is used to obtain relief from tension or emotional discomfort; called also emotional dependence.
substance dependence drug dependence.

sub·stance de·pen·dence

a pattern of behavioral, physiologic, and cognitive symptoms that develop due to substance use or abuse; usually indicated by tolerance to the effects of the substance and withdrawal symptoms that develop when use of the substance is terminated.

substance dependence

a maladaptive pattern of substance abuse leading to clinically significant impairment or distress as manifested by three or more episodes within a 12-month period of tolerance, withdrawal, or use of larger amounts or, over a longer period, a persistent desire or unsuccessful effort to control substance abuse or investment of a great deal of time in activities necessary to obtain the substance.

substance dependence

Psychiatry A maladaptive pattern of substance abuse, leading to clinically significant impairment or distress; DSD is formally defined by the DSM-IV as the presence of 3 or more clinical criteria. See Substance abuse.
Substance dependence–3+ of following
1.  Tolerance, either
 a. A need for ↑ amounts, or
 b. ↓ Effect with continued use of same amount of substance
2  Withdrawal symptoms
3.  The substance is taken in larger amounts than intended
4.  A persistent but unsuccessful desire to ↓ substance intake
5.  Much time is spent in activities needed to obtaining the substance or recovering from its effects
6.  Important occupational, social, or recreational activities are sacrificed because of substance use
7.  Continued substance use despite user's knowledge of its adverse physical and/or psychological effects
Modified from *Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed, Wash, DC, Am Psychiatric Assn, 1994

sub·stance de·pen·dence

(sŭb'stăns dĕ-pen'dĕns)
A pattern of behavioral, physiologic, and cognitive symptoms due to substance use or abuse; usually indicated by tolerance to the effects of the substance and withdrawal symptoms when use of the substance is terminated.

sub·stance de·pen·dence

(sŭb'stăns dĕ-pen'dĕns)
Pattern of behavioral, physiologic, and cognitive symptoms that develop due to substance use or abuse.
References in periodicals archive ?
The results are reversed regarding treatment or referral of the client for a problem other than substance dependence.
We are pleased the paper has been published, and it demonstrates that Hythiam continues to pioneer and seek innovative solutions for substance dependence," said Dr.
The nine risk factors are low family socioeconomic status, a family history of substance dependence, childhood depression, childhood conduct disorder, early exposure to substances, adolescent frequent alcohol use, adolescent frequent cannabis use, male gender, and adolescent frequent tobacco use.
5) Another author conducted a prospective study of 151 patients with schizophrenia and substance dependence and found that 79% of patients who were prescribed clozapine achieved complete sobriety after 3 years, versus only 33% of patients taking other typical antipsychotic drugs.
The dependent variable, moderate-to-high versus low substance dependence probability, was measured with the 67-item Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory-3 (SASSI-3) (Lazowski, Miller, Boye, & Miller, 1998).
Finally, the SASSI-3 manual reports high overall accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity rates when comparing the SASSI-3's classification results to a substance dependence diagnosis using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.
The most comprehensive data available for substance dependence in the Free State are for alcohol dependence.
The company's OnTrak programme is designed to address substance dependence as a chronic disease.
Among their topics are the use of ayahuasca among rubber tappers of the Alto Jurua, Santo Daime in the context of the new religious consciousness, healing in the Barquinha religion, an approach to the religious experience of participants of the Uniao de Vegetal, and the treatment and handling of substance dependence with ayahuasca.
15 patients (19%)--at the time they entered treatment for substance dependence.
We have found a genome-wide significant association of a composite substance dependence with a mutation in the PKNOX2 gene in white women," the Scotsman quoted epidemiologist Dr Xiang Chen, of Yale University, as saying.
Not only do I believe that I have never encountered an HFA who did not meet criteria for either abuse or dependence, but it seems to me that many HFAs meet diagnostic criteria for substance dependence but do not meet the three criteria the author cited from the Big Book.

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