substance abuse

(redirected from substance abuser)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

abuse

 [ah-būs´]
misuse, maltreatment, or excessive use.
child abuse see child abuse.
domestic abuse abuse of a person by another person with whom the victim is living, has lived, or with whom a significant relationship exists. The abuse may take the form of verbal abuse, sexual abuse, physical battering, or psychological (emotional) unavailability. Abuse is a learned behavior and has an escalating cycle; abusive behavior cuts across all racial, ethnic, educational, and socioeconomic boundaries.
drug abuse see drug abuse.
elder abuse maltreatment of an older adult, ranging from passive neglect of needs to overt mental, physical, or sexual assault.
physical abuse any act resulting in a nonaccidental physical injury, including not only intentional assault but also the results of unreasonable punishment.
psychoactive substance abuse substance abuse.
sexual abuse any act of a sexual nature performed in a criminal manner, as with a child or with a nonconsenting adult, including rape, incest, oral copulation, and penetration of genital or anal opening with a foreign object. The term also includes lewd or lascivious acts with a child; any sexual act that could be expected to trouble or offend another person when done by someone motivated by sexual interest; acts related to sexual exploitation, such as those related to pornography, prostitution involving minors, or coercion of minors to perform obscene acts.
substance abuse a substance use disorder characterized by the use of a mood or behavior-altering substance in a maladaptive pattern resulting in significant impairment or distress, such as failure to fulfill social or occupational obligations or recurrent use in situations in which it is physically dangerous to do so or which end in legal problems, but without fulfilling the criteria for substance dependence. Specific disorders are named for their etiology, such as alcohol abuse and anabolic steroid abuse. DSM-IV includes specific abuse disorders for alcohol, amphetamines or similar substances, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, PCP or similar substances, and sedatives, hypnotics, or anxiolytics. See also drug abuse.

sub·stance a·buse

maladaptive pattern of use of a drug, alcohol, or other chemical agent that may lead to social, occupational, psychological, or physical problems.

substance abuse

n.
Excessive, inappropriate, or illegal use of a substance, such as a drug, alcohol, or another chemical such as an inhalant, especially when resulting in addiction. Also called chemical abuse.

substance abuser n.

substance abuse

the overindulgence in and dependence on a stimulant, depressant, or other chemical substance, leading to effects that are detrimental to the individual's physical or mental health, or the welfare of others.

drug abuse

The widely preferred term for the non-medicinal (“recreational”) use of controlled drugs; in the NHS, the phrase “substance misuse” is preferred.

substance abuse

Drug addiction Psychiatry Use of any substance for nontherapeutic purposes; or use of medication for purposes other than those for which it is prescribed; SA includes:
1. Use of illicit, potentially addicting drugs–eg, cocaine;.
2. Misuse of prescribed drugs that stimulate or depress the CNS–eg, amphetamines or barbiturates;.
3. Habitual use of commercially-available substances with known desired and deleterious effects–eg, alcohol, tobacco. See Addiction, Alcohol, Cocaine, Crack, Ice, Marijuana.

sub·stance a·buse

(sŭb'stăns ă-byūs')
Maladaptive pattern of drug or alcohol use that may lead to social, occupational, psychological, or physical problems.

substance abuse

A general term referring to the non-medical and ‘recreational’ use of drugs such as amphetamine (amfetamine), cannabis, cocaine, methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy), heroin, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), organic solvents by inhalation, and so on. The term is also applied to an intake of alcohol that is likely to prove harmful. Oddly enough is not currently applied to a commonly-used substance more dangerous than most of these-tobacco.

substance abuse,

n misuse of mood-altering drugs; negatively influences the user's life.

sub·stance a·buse

(sŭb'stăns ă-byūs')
Maladaptive pattern of drug or alcohol use that may lead to social, occupational, psychological, or physical problems.

Patient discussion about substance abuse

Q. Can anybody tell me the point where I should be worried that I've become an alcoholoic? What is the definition of an alcoholist?

A. You truly have a great site here. Its got a lot of potential and can surely help many.

More discussions about substance abuse
References in periodicals archive ?
The final multiple choice question was a five-point Likert scale item asking participants to rank their perceptions of the following terms: (a) addict, (b) alcoholic, (c) substance abuser, (d) problem drinker, (e) addiction, (f) substance dependence and (g) person with a substance abuse problem.
Recently, research has begun to investigate enduring cognitive beliefs that may impact substance abusers and their intimate partners, which could advance our understanding of factors that may impact couple's functioning.
Convey the following message to the substance abuser, in a kind but firm tone: You need to get help or suffer the consequences.
Wives of substance abusers are facing numerous problems like domestic violence, risk of transmission of STD/HIV and emotional distress.
A key aim of the LVM is to motivate substance abusers to engage in additional treatment after discharge, which implies that social workers are to satisfy clients' novel demand for further voluntary care.
Skill #4 (support sobriety) can be applied in many ways, including by participating in the family component of treatment, attending 12-Step groups such as Al-Anon, Alateen, and Nar-Anon, and praising the substance abuser for positive changes that are observed.
In this study of substance abusers entering managed care treatment, better motivation is consistently associated with the severity of substance abuse problems at entry into treatment.
A healthy environment that includes support from family and friends who understand the needs and concerns of a recovering substance abuser.
Although the courts have been unwilling to broaden the current illegal substance abuser exemption in cases involving the FHAA, a small number of recent decisions in other disability law contexts interpret "current" as including the recent past.
Children of substance abusers tend to learn and follow unwritten rules to "don't talk, don't feel, and don't trust.
But the program not only had a higher success rate for the substance abuser entering treatment; the emotional health of the spouses and other loved ones dramatically improved.

Full browser ?