substance abuse

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Related to substance abuse: drug abuse


misuse, maltreatment, or excessive use.
child abuse see child abuse.
domestic abuse abuse of a person by another person with whom the victim is living, has lived, or with whom a significant relationship exists. The abuse may take the form of verbal abuse, sexual abuse, physical battering, or psychological (emotional) unavailability. Abuse is a learned behavior and has an escalating cycle; abusive behavior cuts across all racial, ethnic, educational, and socioeconomic boundaries.
drug abuse see drug abuse.
elder abuse maltreatment of an older adult, ranging from passive neglect of needs to overt mental, physical, or sexual assault.
physical abuse any act resulting in a nonaccidental physical injury, including not only intentional assault but also the results of unreasonable punishment.
psychoactive substance abuse substance abuse.
sexual abuse any act of a sexual nature performed in a criminal manner, as with a child or with a nonconsenting adult, including rape, incest, oral copulation, and penetration of genital or anal opening with a foreign object. The term also includes lewd or lascivious acts with a child; any sexual act that could be expected to trouble or offend another person when done by someone motivated by sexual interest; acts related to sexual exploitation, such as those related to pornography, prostitution involving minors, or coercion of minors to perform obscene acts.
substance abuse a substance use disorder characterized by the use of a mood or behavior-altering substance in a maladaptive pattern resulting in significant impairment or distress, such as failure to fulfill social or occupational obligations or recurrent use in situations in which it is physically dangerous to do so or which end in legal problems, but without fulfilling the criteria for substance dependence. Specific disorders are named for their etiology, such as alcohol abuse and anabolic steroid abuse. DSM-IV includes specific abuse disorders for alcohol, amphetamines or similar substances, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, PCP or similar substances, and sedatives, hypnotics, or anxiolytics. See also drug abuse.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

sub·stance a·buse

maladaptive pattern of use of a drug, alcohol, or other chemical agent that may lead to social, occupational, psychological, or physical problems.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

substance abuse

Excessive, inappropriate, or illegal use of a substance, such as a drug, alcohol, or another chemical such as an inhalant, especially when resulting in addiction. Also called chemical abuse.

substance abuser n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

drug abuse

The widely preferred term for the non-medicinal (“recreational”) use of controlled drugs; in the NHS, the phrase “substance misuse” is preferred.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

substance abuse

Drug addiction Psychiatry Use of any substance for nontherapeutic purposes; or use of medication for purposes other than those for which it is prescribed; SA includes:
1. Use of illicit, potentially addicting drugs–eg, cocaine;.
2. Misuse of prescribed drugs that stimulate or depress the CNS–eg, amphetamines or barbiturates;.
3. Habitual use of commercially-available substances with known desired and deleterious effects–eg, alcohol, tobacco. See Addiction, Alcohol, Cocaine, Crack, Ice, Marijuana.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

sub·stance a·buse

(sŭb'stăns ă-byūs')
Maladaptive pattern of drug or alcohol use that may lead to social, occupational, psychological, or physical problems.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

substance abuse

A general term referring to the non-medical and ‘recreational’ use of drugs such as amphetamine (amfetamine), cannabis, cocaine, methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy), heroin, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), organic solvents by inhalation, and so on. The term is also applied to an intake of alcohol that is likely to prove harmful. Oddly enough is not currently applied to a commonly-used substance more dangerous than most of these-tobacco.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

sub·stance a·buse

(sŭb'stăns ă-byūs')
Maladaptive pattern of drug or alcohol use that may lead to social, occupational, psychological, or physical problems.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

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References in periodicals archive ?
Studies have found that reactive treatment for substance abuse disorders increase the costs of health insurance.
Table 4 illustrates the perception toward factors which could serve as a restraint toward substance abuse and addiction.
The treatment guidelines for substance abuse for people with ID and substance abuse are also not clear.
4) There should be multiple stakeholders involved in the creation of programs to eliminate substance abuse. Physicians, policymakers, advocacy groups, and health care professionals are encouraged to work together to create strategies to combat and prevent substance abuse, including programs that expand naloxone access for opioid users or the establishment of a national prescription drug monitoring program.
The reported rates of prevalence of substance abuse among the psychiatric patients vary from 15-65% for schizophrenics and major depressives, 50% for bipolar patients, and 21-32% for anxiety disorder patients.
There has been a well-documented association among impulsivity and substance abuse or mania [18]
In a recent pooled analysis of 2,111 adolescents with comorbid major depression and SUD, 48% were treated for depression and 10% received help for substance abuse, she noted.
The study followed nearly 300 patients over a six-month period following admission to an outpatient dual-diagnosis treatment program that provided both substance abuse and mental illness treatment.
One researcher hypothesized that the lack of identification of SUDs among VR consumers may be due to time constraints for assessing substance abuse related to large case loads of VR counselors, perceived or actual lack of expertise in appropriately serving persons with SUDs, and inconsistent guidelines of the evaluation and/ or referral for persons with SUDs (Sligar & Toriello, 2007).
In short, while substance abuse is a challenge facing all age groups, being sicker, more isolated and less afraid of mood-altering substances makes this generation of seniors particularly vulnerable.
Nationwide, mergers between state-level mental health and substance abuse administrations, as well as mergers between treatment providers and trade groups are changing the landscape of the field.

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