subscapular artery


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sub·scap·u·lar ar·ter·y

[TA]
origin, axillary; branches, circumflex scapular, thoracodorsal; distribution, muscles of shoulder and scapular region; anastomoses, branches of transverse cervical, suprascapular, lateral thoracic, and intercostals.
Synonym(s): arteria subscapularis [TA]

subscapular artery

the largest branch of the axillary artery and the major blood supply to the posterior wall of the axilla. It also contributes to the blood supply of the posterior scapular region.

sub·scap·u·lar ar·te·ry

(sŭb-skap'yū-lăr ahr'tĕr-ē) [TA]
Origin, axillary; branches, circumflex scapular, thoracodorsal; distribution, muscles of shoulder and scapular region; anastomoses, branches of transverse cervical, suprascapular, lateral thoracic, and intercostals.
Synonym(s): arteria subscapularis [TA] .

subscapular artery

A large branch of the axillary artery; it supplies blood to the back wall of the thorax and the latissimus dorsi and subscapularis muscles. Its branches include the thoracodorsal and circumflex scapular arteries.
See also: artery
References in periodicals archive ?
CONCLUSION: In general, our results are similar to the findings in the literature consulted as far as the subscapular artery is concerned.
The medial branch was the subscapular artery, which in turn gave three circumflex scapular arteries; one medial and two lateral branches to the scapular border, the artery then continued as thoraco-dorsal artery, with the thoracodorsal nerve and supplied the medial wall of axilla and latissimus dorsi muscle (Soubhagya et al.
In the third part of the variant, the subscapular artery arose with its usual branches plus a common origin for two additional humeral circumflex arteries.
In an extensive dissection of 512 adult human cadavers, De Garis & Swartley (1928) reported a variable percentage in the origin of lateral thoracic artery from thoraco--acromial artery, from the subscapular artery or from second part of axillary artery.