BNT presented higher values in all anthropometrics measurements than PNT (Table I), although significant differences were found only in 44.4 % of variables: body mass; height; lower limb length; skinfolds triceps, subscapular
, abdominal; girths relaxed arm and thigh.
For the evaluation of the anthropometric somatotype, the Heath-Carter method was used, which includes two basic measurements (weight and height), four skinfolds (triceps, subscapular
, supraspinal, and medial calf), two bone diameters (biepicondylar humeral and femoral) and two perimeters (flexed arm in maximal tension and maximum leg perimeter).
For the subscapular
SF, the measurement was taken by removing the skin and the underlying skin layer by complying with the natural folds of the skin, right under the scapulas of the participants and the thumb, index, and middle fingers of the left hand.
Correa-Bautista et al., "Triceps and subscapular
skinfold thickness percentiles and cut-offs for overweight and obesity in a population-based sample of schoolchildren and adolescents in Bogota, Colombia," Nutrients, vol.
We also identified no significant differences in systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure, triceptal, biceptal, supraspinal, and subscapular
skinfold thickness, total body fat, total body water, hip circumference, waist circumference, and hip-waist ratio between OB and non-OB individuals with respect to FSTL1 levels.
It is innervated by the lower subscapular
nerve, originating from the C5 and C6 roots.
Furthermore, the shoulder joint and adjacent soft tissues receive minor contributions from the subscapular
nerve (C5-C6; originates from posterior cord of brachial plexus), lateral pectoral nerve (C5-C6; originates from lateral cord of brachial plexus), and musculocutaneous nerve (C5-C7; originates from lateral cord of brachial plexus) .
These measurements consisted of body mass to nearest 0.1kg (TBF-410, Tanita, Tokyo, Japan), height to nearest 0.1 cm (Seca 213, Seca, Hamburg, Germany), 10 skinfolds (triceps, subscapular
, biceps, chest, axilla, iliac crest, supraspinal, abdomen, thigh, and calf) to nearest 0.1mm (Harpenden, Baty International, United Kingdom), waist circumference with a metallic tape (to nearest 0.1 cm), and elbow diameter (Campbell 10, Rosscraft, Canada) to nearest 0.05 cm.
Limb sites include biceps, triceps, and quadriceps and calf regions while central sites include pectoral, subscapular
, abdomen, and suprailiac regions.
Briefly, height (to the nearest 0.5 cm), weight (to the nearest 0.1 kg), waist and hip circumferences, and skinfold thickness measurements at four sites (biceps, triceps, subscapular
, and suprailiac) were obtained.
Physical examination included anthropometry (weight, height, WC at the level of umbilicus, hip circumference at the level of greater trochanters, thigh circumference at the middle third of the thigh, triceps skinfold thickness at the middle third of the upper arm, and subscapular
skinfold thickness (SST)), vital signs check (blood pressure), and laboratory blood tests (complete blood count, fibrinogen, chemerin).
Variables Average [+ or -] SD IC95% Age (yrs) 35.5 [+ or -] 5.8 34.62 36.56 Body Mass (kg) 74.48 [+ or -] 11.88 72.50 76.46 Height (cm) 169.29 [+ or -] 6.99 168.12 170.46 DC Subscapular
(mm) 16.29 [+ or -] 6.18 15.26 17.32 DC Supra-Spinal (mm) 13.71 [+ or -] 8.07 12.36 15.06 DC Axillary (mm) 13.64 [+ or -] 6.75 12.51 14.77 DC Suprailiac (mm) 25.69 [+ or -] 10.24 23.98 27.40 DC Abdominal (mm) 28.11 [+ or -] 12.51 26.02 30.20 Perimeter of Abdomen (cm) 87.98 [+ or -] 10.36 86.25 89.71 Waist Circumference (cm) 86.79 [+ or -] 10.21 85.09 88.49 %[F.sub.DXA] 20.83 [+ or -] 8.63 19.39 22.27 %F trunk DXA 23.26 [+ or -] 9.89 21.61 24.91 Table 2.