For instance, features associated with poor prognosis such as irregular lymph node margins or rare involvement of lymph node groups in the axillary, subpectoral
, internal mammary, diaphragmatic, and abdominal regions, are not included in the N classification of the 8th TNM system (17).
Targeted ultrasound demonstrated a subpectoral
vascular hypoechoic mass (Figure 2).
Humeral fracture following subpectoral
biceps tenodesis in 2 active, healthy patients.
Patient characteristics Number of % patients (N = 57) Age (years), median (IQR) 43.8 (37-51) BRCA mutation (i) BRCA1 25 43 (ii) BRCA2 32 57 MRI evaluation prior to surgery 47 82 Number of Surgery description mastectomies % (N = 80) Breast: total mastectomy 100 (i) Type of prophylactic surgery Total mastectomy 4 5 Skin (nipple) sparing mastectomy 76 95 (ii) Type of reconstruction Latissimus dorsi flap and definitive breast 54 68 implant Subpectoral
breast implant or tissue expander 25 31 Transverse rectus abdominis muscle flap 1 1 Axilla (i) Sentinel lymph node biopsy 15 19% IQR: interquartile range.
We completed positron emission and computed tomography scans by using intravenous F-18 fluoro-2-deoxyglucose that detected hypermetabolic foci in the right axilla, subpectoral
, subcarinal, and para hilar regions.
pacemaker implant after repeated pocket complications due to "senile pruritus".
Inclusion criteria for our study consisted of patients who had reached skeletal maturity, patients over the age of 18, and those patients who underwent open subpectoral
biceps tenodesis between the years 2006 and 2013.
For those patients who would not accept postoperative scars beyond the subpectoral
shadow, this condition was noted.
In all cases, ADMs were used in combination with subpectoral
implant augmentation (Style 410 implants by Allergan); hereby these matrices were used to expand the pocket.
Caption: Figure 2: MRI showing fluid accumulation around the left breast subpectoral
Jude Medical, Plano, TX, USA) was implanted via a transaxillary subpectoral
route after 7 days of external stimulation .
However, interference screw seems to be equal or superior to theses other modes of fixation for subpectoral
tenodesis of the long head of the biceps [25-29].