suboccipital muscles


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sub·oc·cip·i·tal mus·cles

[TA]
a group of muscles located immediately below the occipital bone; they are the rectus capitis anterior muscle, rectus capitis posterior major and minor muscles, rectus capitis lateralis muscle, obliquus capitis superior and inferior muscles; innervated by the suboccipital nerve; although its actions have been described, it is held by many authorities that these muscles act primarily as organs of proprioception.
Synonym(s): musculi suboccipitales [TA]

sub·oc·cip·i·tal mus·cles

(sŭb'ok-sip'i-tăl mŭs'ĕlz) [TA]
Group of muscles located immediately below the occipital bone; include rectus capitis anterior muscle, rectus capitis posterior major and minor muscles, rectus capitis lateralis muscle, obliquus capitis superior and inferior muscles; innervated by suboccipital nerve.
Synonym(s): musculi suboccipitales.
References in periodicals archive ?
The deep suboccipital muscles including the rectus capitis posterior major (RCPma), rectus capitis posterior minor (RCPmi), obliquus capitis superior (OCS),and obliqus capitis inferior (OCI), located between the inferior nuchal line of the occipital bone and the dorsal aspect of the axis, are indispensable in maintaining head posture and in proprioception.
suggest that entrapment of the ventral ramus of C2 nerve could be achieved by spasm of the suboccipital muscles, especially the inferior oblique muscle, because it exits beneath that muscle and is attached to it through fascial attachments [6].
The suboccipital muscles are responsible for the stabilization of the upper cervical segment of the vertebral column and the normal movement of the cranium relative to the atlas and the atlas relative to the odontoid vertebra.
It also stretches the scalene and suboccipital muscles.
The suboccipital muscles are part muscle (stretchy) and part ligament (not stretchy).
Suboccipital muscles attached to this region determine head posture, controlling fine complicated movements for compound flexion and extension, as well as lateral flexion with rotation.1,2 The cranial cervical mandibular system is made up of three main structures: TMJ, occipital atlas axis articulation, and hyoid bone with its suspensor system.
(16) Palpation revealed myofascial trigger points in bilateral upper trapezii muscles along with the right suboccipital muscles.
Retromastoid C shaped incision was taken to reflect suboccipital muscles and overlying fascia and subcutaneous tissue as a single layer.
(2001) Quantitative study of muscle spindles in suboccipital muscles of human foetuses.
To treat the cervicogenic headache, trigger point therapy was performed on the hypertonic suboccipital muscles in sitting.
The central nuchal ligament and the suboccipital and greater occipital nerves pass through the suboccipital muscles and play a role in posterior cranium tension headaches.
Trigger points in the suboccipital muscles and forward head posture in tension type headache.