suboccipital muscles


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sub·oc·cip·i·tal mus·cles

[TA]
a group of muscles located immediately below the occipital bone; they are the rectus capitis anterior muscle, rectus capitis posterior major and minor muscles, rectus capitis lateralis muscle, obliquus capitis superior and inferior muscles; innervated by the suboccipital nerve; although its actions have been described, it is held by many authorities that these muscles act primarily as organs of proprioception.
Synonym(s): musculi suboccipitales [TA]

suboccipital muscles

a small group of deep muscles in the upper cervical region at the base of the occipital bone that move the head. They include the rectus capitis posterior major, the rectus capitis posterior minor, the obliquus capitis inferior, and the obliquus capitis superior.

sub·oc·cip·i·tal mus·cles

(sŭb'ok-sip'i-tăl mŭs'ĕlz) [TA]
Group of muscles located immediately below the occipital bone; include rectus capitis anterior muscle, rectus capitis posterior major and minor muscles, rectus capitis lateralis muscle, obliquus capitis superior and inferior muscles; innervated by suboccipital nerve.
Synonym(s): musculi suboccipitales.
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, Some clinical studies found that the pathology of the suboccipital muscles, for instance atrophy or swelling of the RCPmi, might be closely related to chronic cervical headaches (McPartland et al.
It also stretches the scalene and suboccipital muscles.
The suboccipital muscles are part muscle (stretchy) and part ligament (not stretchy).
Suboccipital muscles attached to this region determine head posture, controlling fine complicated movements for compound flexion and extension, as well as lateral flexion with rotation.
16) Palpation revealed myofascial trigger points in bilateral upper trapezii muscles along with the right suboccipital muscles.
Retromastoid C shaped incision was taken to reflect suboccipital muscles and overlying fascia and subcutaneous tissue as a single layer.
2001) Quantitative study of muscle spindles in suboccipital muscles of human foetuses.
To treat the cervicogenic headache, trigger point therapy was performed on the hypertonic suboccipital muscles in sitting.
The central nuchal ligament and the suboccipital and greater occipital nerves pass through the suboccipital muscles and play a role in posterior cranium tension headaches.
Trigger points in the suboccipital muscles and forward head posture in tension type headache.
The suboccipital muscles, which origininate on C1 and C2 and are inserted on the occipital bone, can provide extensor torque only about the atlanto-occipital joint.
Recent studies have described myodural communications bridging the epidural spaces between the rectus capitis posterior minor (RCPmi), rectus capitis posterior major (RCPma), and obliquus capitis inferior (OCI) suboccipital muscles and the dura mater of the cervical spine.