suboccipital muscles


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sub·oc·cip·i·tal mus·cles

[TA]
a group of muscles located immediately below the occipital bone; they are the rectus capitis anterior muscle, rectus capitis posterior major and minor muscles, rectus capitis lateralis muscle, obliquus capitis superior and inferior muscles; innervated by the suboccipital nerve; although its actions have been described, it is held by many authorities that these muscles act primarily as organs of proprioception.
Synonym(s): musculi suboccipitales [TA]

suboccipital muscles

a small group of deep muscles in the upper cervical region at the base of the occipital bone that move the head. They include the rectus capitis posterior major, the rectus capitis posterior minor, the obliquus capitis inferior, and the obliquus capitis superior.

sub·oc·cip·i·tal mus·cles

(sŭb'ok-sip'i-tăl mŭs'ĕlz) [TA]
Group of muscles located immediately below the occipital bone; include rectus capitis anterior muscle, rectus capitis posterior major and minor muscles, rectus capitis lateralis muscle, obliquus capitis superior and inferior muscles; innervated by suboccipital nerve.
Synonym(s): musculi suboccipitales.
References in periodicals archive ?
To treat the cervicogenic headache, trigger point therapy was performed on the hypertonic suboccipital muscles in sitting.
The central nuchal ligament and the suboccipital and greater occipital nerves pass through the suboccipital muscles and play a role in posterior cranium tension headaches.
Trigger points in the suboccipital muscles and forward head posture in tension type headache.
Kulkarni V, Chandy MJ and Babu KS (2001): Quantitative study of muscle spindles in suboccipital muscles of human foetuses.