suboccipital muscle


Also found in: Wikipedia.

sub·oc·cip·i·tal muscle

(sŭb′ŏk-sĭp′ĭ-tl)
n.
Any of a group of muscles located immediately below the occipital bone.
References in periodicals archive ?
The immediate effects of atlanto-occipital joint manipulation and suboccipital muscle inhibition technique on active mouth opening and pressure pain sensitivity over latent myofascial trigger points in the masticatory muscles.
During the SMI technique, the subject is asked to keep his eyes closed to avoid eye movements affecting the suboccipital muscle tone.
The examined sites (9 pairs) were the following: the occiput (at the suboccipital muscle insertions), the low cervical area (at the anterior aspects of the intertransverse spaces at C5-C7), the trapezius muscle (at the midpoint of the upper border), the supraspinatus muscles (at their origins), the second rib (at the costochondral junctions), 2 cm distal to the lateral epicondyle), the upper outer quadrant of the buttocks, posterior to the greater trochanteric prominence, and the knees (at the medial fat pad proximal to the joint line).
Eighteen tender points were; the suboccipital muscle insertions, the anterior aspects of the intertransverse spaces at C5-C7, the midpoint of the upper border of trapezius muscle, origins of supraspinatus muscle above the scapula spine near the medial border, second rib at the second costochondral junctions, just lateral to the junctions on upper surfaces, lateral epicondyle at 2 cm distal to the epicondyle, gluteal region in upper outer quadrants of buttocks in anterior fold of muscle, greater trochanter, medial fat pad proximal to the knee joint line bilaterally.
Pain, on digital palpation, must be present in at least 11 of the following 18 tender point sites: Occiput: Bilateral, at the suboccipital muscle insertions.
Soft tissue communications linking suboccipital muscle fascia and the dura and its role in cervical neuromuscular control have been examined recently.
It also stretches the scalene and suboccipital muscles.
The suboccipital muscles are part muscle (stretchy) and part ligament (not stretchy).
Suboccipital muscles attached to this region determine head posture, controlling fine complicated movements for compound flexion and extension, as well as lateral flexion with rotation.
2001) Quantitative study of muscle spindles in suboccipital muscles of human foetuses.
To treat the cervicogenic headache, trigger point therapy was performed on the hypertonic suboccipital muscles in sitting.