Midline sternal incision was made in 33 (89%) patients and submammary
incision in 4 (11%) patients all females with low deformities.
Common types of cutaneous psoriasis and their distribution Type Distribution/description Plaque psoriasis Stationary form of the disease Thick, silvery or waxy scales Localised or generalised Guttate psoriasis Small 'teardrop' lesions, wide distribution over the body Flexural (inverse) psoriasis Main skinfolds (genitocrural area, navel, axillae, submammary
Subjects with sternal incisions experienced significantly more pain on the night of POD #1 than those undergoing submammary incisions (WBPRS mean score 1.
The authors are aware of no previous research that has reported the pain experience of patients with submammary incisions (Laks & Hammond, 1980).
American Gaillard Thomas undertook significant glandular resection via the submammary
route in 1880s.
Clinical manifestations primarily involve the flexural areas in a symmetric fashion (groin, axillae, lateral neck, submammary
region, and perineum).
The disease initiates with symmetric skin hyperpigmentation in the axillary and inguinal folds, submammary
region, around the mammilla, umbilical, and ano-genital regions.
Anterior port was made in submammary
area in women.
With an adequate mediolateral oblique mammographic view, intramuscular lipoma should be considered due to its submammary
location, radiologic density, and circumscription.
Approximately 80% of patients have mild flexural involvement with scattered papules in the groin, axillae, or, in women, submammary
IP is usually found in the groins, vulva, axillae, submammary
folds, gluteal cleft, navel, intergluteal crease, penis, lips, and web spaces.