(3)--Arequipa: Caylloma, Puquiolacca (MUSA 1140); Imata (MUSA 1138); Chajhui, Hda.
Prompted by Pope Paul III's 1537 bull Sublimis
Deo, Carlos V, king of Spain was forced to edit a "New Rule" in 1542 condemning the enslavement of the Indians, calling for the liberation of the enslaved ones and the restitution of their lands and properties (Fonseca, 2010).
in alta mundi spatia sublimis
ferar, petatur aether: astra promittitpater.
Newman demonstrated this most forcefully in his 1950-51 painting Vir Heroicus Sublimis
, an eight-by-eighteen foot canvas that features five thin vertical stripes against an expansive red field.
Nearly twenty years after Barnett Newman's second exhibition at the Betty Parsons Gallery--the now-canonical show at which he presented Vir Heroicus Sublimis
, 1950-51; The Wild, 1950; and Here 1, 1950, to widespread critical disdain--and only a few months after his death, the Irish artist Brian O'Doherty debuted a series of sculptures in the same space.
In its narrative description, it echoes entries in seventeenth-century Dutch inventories: "head of an old man," "a picture of Samson and Delilah," "a painting of a cat and a haddock." We must wait until the twentieth century to be greeted by such poetic yet less visually forthcoming titles as Lavender Mist (Jackson Pollock), American Gothic (Grant Wood), and Vir Heroicus Sublimis
(12) While modern scholars note that early editions translate the title of Peri Hypsous with the adjective "sublimis
" rather than the noun "sublimitas," suggesting a reduction of the sublime to a category of style, these titles do not tell the whole story.