armigera larvae were evaluated using a sublethal
concentration of LC25 calculated from the toxicity experiment.
Life table parameters are recommended as a means to assess the sublethal
effects and toxicological studies at the population level (Stark & Rangus 1994; Stark & Banks 2003).
Toxicity of chlorpyrifos, spinosad and abamectin on Cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera and their sublethal
effects on fecundity and longevity.
The present study was thus designed to investigate whether exposure to sublethal
concentrations of P.
effects of pyriproxyfen, a juvenile hormone analogue, on Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae): life table study.
Premature senescence was induced with sublethal
ammonia exposure of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus): Effects on gill, liver and kidney histology.
laser damage can increase DNA damage in vitro, the Q-switched ruby laser does not seem to induce genetic changes, Dr.
Lack of lethal and sublethal
effects of Cry1Ac Bt-toxin on larvae of the stingless bee Trigona spinipes.
2006) reported a significant reduction in chitin and an increase in total protein of larvae of Tribolium castaneum contaminated by sublethal
doses of flufenoxuron.
monocytogenes serotype 1/2a cells after exposure to a sublethal
heat stress at 48[degrees]C and in combination with a lethal concentration of carvacrol.
Effects of toxicity are covered from small to large scale, discussing biochemical effects and resulting exposure markers, cellular and organ pathology, effects on the individual at both sublethal
and acute or chronic lethal levels, finally leading into population, community, and ecosystem impacts.