subcutaneous fat

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sub·cu·ta·ne·ous fat

(sŭb-kyū-tā'nē-ŭs fat)
Fat that is stored directly under the skin. Women have a higher percentage of this fat than men.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

subcutaneous fat

A layer of fat that lies just beneath the skin. It differs from visceral fat in that it has fewer adverse effects on glucose metabolism.
See also: fat
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Ventrogluteal versus dorsogluteal site selection: A cross-sectional study of muscle and subcutaneous fat thicknesses and an algorithm incorporating demographic and anthropometric data to predict injection outcome.
###are avoided because of minimal subcutaneous fat.
BC-601 TANITA segmental body composition analyzer is used for Bioelectric Impedance Analysis (BIA) to measure visceral fat and subcutaneous fat. [24]
Basal diets supplemented with Cr had not effects on the subcutaneous fat thickness and the inter-muscle fat width of Ross broilers.
"Some people can gain a lot of subcutaneous fat, and it functions perfectly normally," says Jensen.
The body fat distribution of patients with CD, especially those with aggressive disease, differs from that of other persons, this being mainly characterized by a higher ratio of visceral to subcutaneous fat [18].
Here, we report a case of a neonate with subcutaneous fat necrosis who surprisingly developed hypocalcemia instead of hypercalcemia.
Bernard and her co-author Debrup Chakraborty, a postdoctoral student in her lab, studied mice that were fed a high-fat diet and discovered that this higher-risk layer of fat produced larger amounts of the fibroblast growth factor-2, or FGF2, protein when compared to the subcutaneous fat. They found that FGF2 stimulated certain cells that were already vulnerable to the protein and caused them to grow into tumors.
This differs from other non-invasive, fat-reduction technologies, such as radiofrequency and lasers, where energy is highly absorbed or scattered near the skin surface, limiting penetration into the subcutaneous fat tissue and delivering only temporary results.
They found that both diets caused a similar reduction in subcutaneous fat. However, subfascial fat was only reduced in response to the vegetarian diet, and intramuscular fat was more greatly reduced by the vegetarian diet.
Using human subcutaneous fat tissue taken from individuals who consumed low-calorie sweeteners, Sabyasachi Sen, MD, of George Washington University, Washington, and his colleagues showed that these cells had at least a twofold overexpression of glucose transporters.
The FA profiles can even vary between subcutaneous fat and muscle fat of similar anatomical position [11].

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